Ancient Egyptian Pyramids For Kids

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  • The pyramids were built in Egypt.
  • They are some of the most magnificent buildings that people have ever made.
  • The pyramids were built for kings, who had a special job in ancient Egypt.
  • The pyramids were mostly built in the late third dynasty and continued until the sixth dynasty, about 4,000 years ago.
  • The great pyramids of Giza are the only remaining monuments of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • They are perhaps the most famous and analyzed buildings in history.

Three Ancient Pyramids

  1. These giant monuments were the best for a long time after they were made.
  2. They are so tall and have been around for a long time. People always love them because they are so big and perfect.
  3. Many people have thoughts about where they come from. But no one knows for sure.
  4. Some people fantasize that aliens built them. Historians now find it clear that the ancient Egyptians made these magnificent structures.

  5. It is still a mystery how they were able to do this, though. Researchers are still trying to figure out how they lived and what they were paid.
  6. Pyramids were tombs that indicate that the dead were prepared for their eternal existence, with people promised everlasting life and pharaohs expected to merge with gods.
  7. Mummification was used to keep the body together so that the ethereal soul could animate it after death.
  8. The first step in building a pyramid is to find a good place.
  9. Ancient Egyptians wanted to make sure that it was on the west side of the Nile River because this is where the sun sets, and people believed that dead people went there.
  10. The king’s lodging would have to be close enough to the capital so that he could inspect the construction work whenever he pleased.
  11. The pyramids also had to be built on high ground away from water when the Nile flooded.
  12. However, it couldn’t be too far because they would use the river to transport limestone blocks.
  13. The construction site should be in a place where the ground was solid, ideal for building.
  14. Memphis was the most powerful and renowned city in Egypt and the entire world.
  15. During that time, nearly 100 pyramids were built. The shape of the pyramids was meant to imitate the sun’s rays.
  16. The texts that talked about how the rays were a pathway up which the pharaoh would climb to reach heaven were written to say that there would be stairs.
  17. The pyramid was connected to the sacred ben-ben stone.
  18. People thought that it had special powers. The pyramid was a place for the dead pharaoh to reach a happy afterlife.
  19. It is thought that there were thousands of skilled workers and laborers on the job, not slaves.
  20. They built the pyramid over about two decades. They probably used ramps to move the blocks into place.
  21. Archeologists think that as few as 20,000 workers, together with supporting staff (bakers, doctors, priests, etc.), would have been sufficient for the job.
  22. The pyramid builders began to write narratives about events in the king’s reign on the walls of the burial chamber and inside the rest of the pyramid.
  23. The Pyramid Texts are ancient Egyptian religious writings considered among the earliest significant religious works written by ancient Egyptians.
  24. From this perspective, ancient Egyptian tombs provide a unique glimpse into the lives of their residents.
  25. Tomb art isn’t only about how Egyptians died; it’s also about how they lived their life.
  26. Images of ancient farmers working in the fields and managing animals, fishing and fowling, carpentry, clothing, religious rituals, and burial practices have been found in tombs.
  27. The pyramids’ names—Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure—correspond to the pharaohs who commissioned them. It was known as the Great Pyramid, and it is the largest of the three, with sides that measure 755.75 feet at the base. The original height of this structure was 481.4 feet, though its actual size has been lost to antiquity.

Sources

Khafre and Menkaure’s pyramids are not as big as Khufu’s.
Herodotus said that the reigns of Khufu and his son, Khafre, were harsh.
But this does not seem to be true because people in Egypt still say that Khufu was a wise ruler.

Purpose of the Pyramids

  • Khufu’s pyramid is the largest single structure ever erected on the Earth. Its sides rise at a slope of 51°52′ and are aligned with the four cardinal points of the compass.
  • The Great Pyramid covered 13 acres and was constructed with around 2.3 million stones weighing a ton each.
  • It was erected to match the points of the compass. The enormous monument is made of yellowish limestone blocks.
  • The outer casing (almost completely gone now) and the inner passageways are lighter limestones.