Angular vs React — Statistical Comparison of front end frameworks
React and their respective advantages and disadvantages. Ultimately, the winner of Angular vs. React depends on what is best for your business but the comparison ahead demonstrates that React carries a noticeable advantage over Angular. This conclusion is based on contrasting the technologies in seven categories:. Traditional DOM vs. By understanding Angular vs. React in terms of scalability, ability to integrate, and framework-level efficiency, you’ll be well-equipped in gauging how React or Angular could mesh into your future web and mobile applications.
Although Angular and React have full-blown nuanced and clear-cut mutual advantages, there are crucial contrasts in terms of their scalability, efficiency, and effectiveness as frameworks.
Angular’s ability to manipulate DOM is iconic in the web development industry, while React’s use of Virtual DOM steals the show with memory efficiency.
The fight of React (2018)
However, in terms of documentation and learning curves, React trails behind. React’s use of JSX instead of HTML creates a biased learning curve. Additionally, the constantly updating developments with JSX and other associated React libraries can turn off developers. There are more clear side-by-side comparisons and contrasts below, anywhere from DOM manipulation to open source community support.
To Sum Up: Best Front end Frameworks
However, when you use a framework, the framework is single-handedly in charge of the flow.
What is React?
In other words, a framework provides places for you to plug in your code, but in the end, it calls the code you plugged in as needed.
For manyfront-end developers that value real-time control and regulation of their code and final web app products, Angular can be discouraging due to its stubborn nature.
4. React vs Angular: Which has better Performance and Speed?
- It ultimately cannot be manipulated outside the bounds of flow.
- Now for the grandest comparisons of them all – the traditional Document Object Model (DOM) vs.
- In other words, the fine line between Angular vs.
Angular vs. React: Differences
- DOM was originally established as a platform and language-neutral interface, allowing programs and scripts to dynamically/systematically access and update the content, structure, and style of a document. In a traditional DOM, the DOM tree will find every node interested in an event and update it.
- Resultantly, the Virtual DOM will calculate how to make the DOM look like a new state without recreating all of the DOM nodes.
- Unfortunately, a Virtual Dom presents several performance advantages, including the following:. The process of updating the DOM and web page information is optimized and accelerated.
3. React vs Angular: Which one is an ideal choice for you?
JSX makes components and code blocks readable.
- Data binding in a Virtual DOM allows for more dynamic web andmobile applications (React Native).
- Prompt rendering: Virtual DOMs minimize the number of operations and accelerate the process of updating single-page information in real-time.
- For web developers that prize responsive and computationally inexpensive web applications, React wins by a landslide with its Virtual DOM structure.
- Virtual DOMs enable more seamless user experiences, especially with one-directional data flow.
In short, Angular uses two-way (bi-directional) data binding while React uses one-way (unidirectional) data binding computations.
- For AngularJS, this means that changing a UI element will also change the corresponding model’s state as well.
- Conversely, if you change the model state, then the UI element will respectively change.
- However, with React’s one-way data binding approach, the model state is initially updated, and finally, it renders the change in the UI element.
- But, here’s the catch: a change in the UI element will NOT change the model state – you must figure that out yourself.
- Many developers concede that Angular’s approach with two-way data binding is initially easier.
Stack Overflow Trends
- However, as the complexity and breadth of your project increases, the difficulty of managing UI elements and model states upticks drastically.
- React, however, is more favorable as projects become larger and more complex, making them easier to effectively debug.
- In terms of Angular vs. React and its data binding capabilities, React outshines here.
React vs Angular — What Do They Have in Common?
What is Angular Frontend Framework?
Pros of Angular
The Pros of ReactJS
In terms of Angular and React’s respective Github repositories, we see critical differences in the number of contributions and engagements. Below is a brief statistical summary of the number of watchers, stars, forks, and contributors in both Github repositories. React accumulated 6.7 thousand watchers while Angular had 3.2 thousand. React possesses 151 thousand stars while Angular possesses under half of that at 62 thousand.
Language: JSX vs. HTML
React’s Github repository has been forked 29.4 thousand times while Angular has been forked 16.9 thousand times. In 2020, React had 1,390 contributions with Angular possessing 1,129 contributions. From the summary, it is well-evident that in the fight between Angular vs. React, React has more coverage and community support than Angular on both Github and Gitlab. However, according to a2018 Stack Overflow Developer Survey, the number of developers using Angular is relatively higher than those implementing React. At the broadest level, both communities have nearly the same levels of support. Jest, used by Facebook to test React code, is included in every React project and requires absolutely zero configuration to use out-of-the-box. Additionally, it includes a powerful mocking library for prototype development.
5. React vs Angular: Which has more Popularity?
- However, Angular takes advantage of a testing framework called Jasmine.
- Regardless, many developers find the output rather bloated and difficult to read.
- The objective learning curves for both React and Angular can be understood in terms of their inherent framework-level and library-level features that create distinct complexity levels.
- The learning curve for Angular is relatively high with React possessing a low learning curve that is initially difficult to grasp.
- The data flow control in React provides simplicity and modifiability for larger projects.
This unidirectional data flow ensures that the UI and model states do not change excessively once projects emergently grow more complex.
Angular vs. React: Performance
However, Angular’s two-way flow makes it rather complex when dealing with large applications. Additionally, Angular’s runtime debugging typically provides less actionable information than React’s assemble time debugging. If you want to learn a bit more about how Angular and React stand on their own metaphorical feet, no worries. You'll find an in-depth description of both technologies just below. Other language comparisons that may interest you:.
React’s official documentation defines itself as a library for building interactive user interfaces.
Most Loved Web Frameworks according to Stack Overflow 2020 Survey
The framework encourages the deployment and integration ofreusable UI components which allow present data to dynamically change over time without consuming large amounts of memory.
Many developers use React to create front ends with better performance by using avirtual DOM(which you'll find out more about later).
Which Companies Use Which One?
- Additionally, React is effectively rendered on theserver using NodeJS, and it can power native cross-platform mobile applications using React Native as a foundation.
- By usingone-way reactive data flow, React efficiently minimizes the boilerplate and extraneous processing power, and is easier to reason with than traditional data binding approaches.
- Related reading:Node.js vs.
Enroll For The Best React & Angular Classes In Pune With Cyber Success
PHP: Which Is Better For Your Business?
- AngularJS was originally released and maintained by Google’s Angular Team in 2016 as a structural framework for dynamic web apps.
- It generally allows web developers to integrate HTML as a foundational template language and lets them extend HTML’s syntax to express application components clearly and concisely with organization in mind.
- AngularJS uses efficient data binding and dependency injection which effectively eliminates a lot of the fluffy code you would otherwise have to spend extra hours writing.
- To put it shortly,AngularJS is the dreamchild of HTML if it had been solely designed for application development.
HTML in itself functions as an effective declarative language for static documents.
- However, AngularJS uses data binding, DOM control structures, form support and validation, and HTML component grouping to turn HTML’s static nature into dynamic masterpieces.
- Related reading:Python vs.
- Java in 2022: Side-By-Side Comparison.
React vs Angular: Comparison Table (2021)
- Ultimately, the battle between Angular vs.
- React has been a near half-decade long fight between the nitty-gritty details, such as data binding and DOMs.
- Here is a comprehensive outline of advantages and disadvantages with React and Angular.
- Two-way Data Binding. AngularJS facilitates efficient and easier data binding by implementing two-way data binding.
7. How to Choose between Angular vs React?
Why Is React So Popular?
Ease of learning
Improved Server Performance. AngularJS supports caching and other critical server processes, reducing the burden from server CPUs. This is really good news: it means that the server performs extremely well thanks to the resulting reduced traffic and because it only serves static files while responding to API calls. More Efficient Application Prototyping. Angular allows you to write significantly less code. This allows you to develop and deploy prototypes without the redundancy of excess lines of code.
Traditional DOM vs. Virtual DOM
AngularJS allows web developers to create responsive user-facing websites due to its fast-loading and high-performance nature. Highly Testable. Now for the best part? Angular allows developers to build highly testable websites and applications. Through a combination of unit testing and end-to-end testing, Angular simplifies testing and debugging for the developer. For example, dependency injections allow components to be effectively isolated and mocked. Additionally, testing tools such as Protractor, Karma, and Jasmine are offered with the Angular framework. Below is a brief list of additional advantages of using Angular that you might want to consider:. The model-view-viewmodel (MVVM) architecture.
It’s a rare use-case, but if your web application employs Angular, users will not be able to access your website/web applications. Inexperience with MVVM. For more traditional developers that follow MVC architectural practices, using Angular can be overwhelmingly time-consuming. Difficult Features. To put it plain and simple, directives can be difficult to use. Additionally, AngularJS features such as dependency injections and factories can be over-complicated for traditional developers that have already learned alternatives. Time/Performance Consumption. With Angular, browsers may take longer to render pages of websites and applications. Through its implementation of Virtual DOM, ReactJS hits two birds with one stone: creating a better user experience while improving development efficiency.
Reusability of React Components and Saving Time.
React or Angular: A Brief Overview
- When Facebook introduced React into the open-source community, they spotlighted its capability to reuse code components of a different level anytime, allowing back-end developers andfront-end developers to save dramatic amounts of time.
- One-Direction Data Flow Allows for Stable Code.
- ReactJS allows developers to work directly with components and uses downward data binding to ensure that changes of any child structures don’t cause a chain reaction and affect their parents.
- The result is increased code stability.
- Related reading:Vue.js vs.
- React: Which is Better?
Angular or React — Who is The Best?
Additional advantages include the following:. An open-source Facebook library with a strong, central community. Redux: convenient state container. Wide React and Redux. Overwhelming Pace of Development.
The React environment is continually changing with new and emerging updates that catch developers off guard. React developers must regularly relearn new methods and techniques to implement in their code solutions.
|Backward Compatibility||Restricted/ Can’t switch to Angular JS||Fully compatible between all versions|
|Community Support||Dependable community support||Not as good as Angular|
|Testing and Debugging||Possible with a single tool||Requires a set of tools for performing various types of testing|
|Updates and Migration||Too frequent updates which takes time for developers to get used to||Easier as scripts help in updates|
|Use||Developing SPA and mobile applications||Developing Native, Hybrid and Web apps.|
This rapid pace of evolution can be jarring and uncomfortable for some developers.
My pick at 2016
Poor Documentation. Perhaps the biggest turnoff for any open source fanatic is poor documentation. ReactJS is coupled with poor documentation that steepens the learning curve. Different and new libraries such as Redux and Reflux are difficult to integrate for entry-junior level developers and React’s pace of evolution could only make it worse. JSX Learning curve. Unfortunately, for many developers, JSX (in contrast to HTML) possesses critical complexities and nuances that steepen the learning curve — especially when transitioning from another JS framework to React.
Google Trends: Comparison between React vs Angular in the last 12 months and 5 years
Search Enginge Optiomization (SEO) Hassles. Ultimately, there are piles upon piles of documented concerts that Google and other staple search engines cannot index dynamic web pages with client-side DOM rendering.
However, this is not fully verifiable as Google itself confirmed that its crawlers are fully capable of reading dynamic, single-page content. Among the mammoth-sized list of companies using React and Angular for their front-end web application development purposes, below are notable leaders amongst the front-end players.
- React and Angular have emerged as monstrous and well-developed open source libraries and frameworks, respectively.
- Although both are jam-packed with community support and general single-page web app development features, there are crucial distinctions that boil down to culture and technical qualities.
- Nevertheless, Angular and React offer the best of both worlds in terms of building and deploying professional-grade web applications witha seamless user experience in mind.
Performance: React vs. Angular
However, regardless of whether you're dealing with the Angular framework or React library, it is imperative that you have the right developers by your side.
- More importantly, it’s essential that you have developers that are not limited by the technical difficulties of React and Angular.
- For these needs, one of the better options is to hire remote developers for your team.
- This way, you can add some talents to your team, in a very easy way.
Check out Trio'scomplete guide on how to hire a remote developer. Not in a mood for reading? Watch the video! If you are planning to build a web or mobile app, and you are facing the problem of choosing between React.js vs Angular, in this article, I will guide you through the differences, similarities, and some of the best use cases for both, to help you make a final decision.
Angular vs React: Tips for Choosing
However, some people say you cannot really compare React to Angular, as Angular is a full-stack MVC framework, while React is just a view library. However, I think you can and even should compare them, as they are both ready to deliver great apps, and both are perfect technologies to support the most demanding digital business objectives.
The Cons of ReactJS
We will also go over the benefits of React.js and Angular, a few pros and cons, and we will also make a classic head-to-head comparison.
- React is the View layer of the MVC model, which gives you almost total freedom of choosing Model and Controller libraries. Now, let’s take a look at some advantages of React from a business perspective and its cons.
- If you want to find out more, we prepared a detailed summary of React JS pros and cons. Also, maybe there are other questions you would like to ask. Maybe you can find them in our React JS FAQ? Facebook isn’t the only company taking advantage of React and its possibilities.
Learning Curves: Angular vs. React
There are a few more well-known brands, such as:. However, it doesn’t mean that React is the right choice only for big brands — it’s on the contrary.
- You can use as little (or as much) of React as you need at the moment.
- For example, adding React to your website is literally a matter of one minute.
1. React vs Angular: What is their Architectural Analysis?
As I’ve mentioned at the beginning, some people say it’s not really a good way to compare React to Angular, as they are both slightly different things. But does it really matter if both are able to build great apps? It seems like Angular is a better option, as it’s a full-stack MVC framework that doesn’t require any additional libraries to be complete. On the other hand, React indeed requires other libraries, but it really depends on your project objectives if that’s a benefit or disadvantage. Being an independent view library, React gives you almost unlimited possibilities if it comes to building user experience, and what’s more, you can also be quite flexible to choose with which libraries you want to work.
Benefits of Mastering React:
React is using a virtual DOM, which means it doesn’t have to update all the HTML. He is just looking for the differences between the current and the old HTML and updating it accordingly. Angular is using real DOM, which means it is going through the entire structure of HTML to find what there is to be changed and “mutate” the tree to apply changes.
What is React?
According to the official React’s website, “Concurrent Mode is a set of new features that help React apps stay responsive and adjust to the user’s device capabilities and network speed”. However, they are still experimental and not a part of the stable React release. Developers can try them in an experimental build. To find out more, go to our article about React Concurrent Mode.
Angular vs. React: Popularity
A while ago (with the v16 version) React changed its engine elevating the speed from “just fast” to “blazingly fast”. More than that, React Fiber enables the priority-based update system, so you can fine-tune your renderings to make sure the most critical updates are done first.
Library vs. Framework
Also, you can pause and start your work at will. As some kind of response to React Fiber, Ivy is a complete rewrite of the compiler so Angular developers can:. Achieve faster build times.
Data Binding: Angular vs. React
Get smaller build sizes. Unlock new features like lazy loading of components instead of modules. Both React and Angular are using both one-way and two-way data bindings. Two-way data binding means that whenever you change any element of the interface, your model state changes automatically, too.
What is Angular?
One way data binding, on the other hand, renders the change in the interface model only after the model state is updated first.
Best Angular Websites
And whenever you change the UI element, the model state stays the same with no changes. So, in the case of data binding, it seems like a draw because one-way data binding is preferred. Choosing React allows you to use React Native to build truly native and cross-platform mobile applications.
Angular vs. React: Benefits
When it comes to the performance of both applications, if they are well-written, the difference will be hard to notice.
Should I Learn Angular or React?
To keep you inspired, we’ve listed more than 50 examples of great React Native apps from many different industries. Since React is a lightweight UI library, it’s much easier to learn than Angular.
A list of things you have to absorb is quite short: JSX, a router library and a state management library. Also, it’s necessary to have knowledge of writing components, managing internal state and using props.
Difference Between Angular and React front end frameworks
Angular is not a library — it’s a fully-fledged MVC framework. Because of that, a list of things to learn is much longer than in the case of React.js:. Dependency Injection. And that’s just a start. The popularity of any particular programming language or web technology can be a great source of information and insights. Looking at these stats will help you with gathering answers to questions like:. Is this technology a serious thing? Is there (and will be) demand for this technology? Will it be easy to find and hire developers?
How big is the community? What kind of help can I expect from the community? To determine the popularity of React and Angular, I checked sites like Github, Google Trends, Stack Overflow Trends, and Annual Survey. Since 2019, React.js lost its first place to ASP.NET Core, but it’s still at the top.
Pros and Cons of React
The Cons of AngularJS
React vs Angular on GitHub
Many times, our clients are also asking quite interesting questions, that are truly hard to answer. Some of them you can find below:. Is it faster to build an app with React or Angular? The answer is hard for two reasons. One — it really depends on too many factors. Like the skill of a developer, the competences of the entire team, the level of communication, team work flow, etc.
Second — even if you take a perfectly the same skilled developer and put him in a perfectly the same project with perfectly the same conditions, it’s still going to be hard to say, as the delivery time may be pretty much similar. Is it going to be easier to scale an app in React or Angular? And again, I don’t have a definite answer. Both Angular and React have their pros and cons if it comes to scalability, but taken into account that React is better off with bigger apps, if you plan to make your app really big in the future, maybe it’s better to think about the React from the beginning.
Benefits of Mastering Angular:
Is it going to be easier to start a project with React or Angular? And again, no clear answer here. If you take Angular — it has a lot of great ready-to-use tools and functionalities out of the box, which makes it extremely easy to start. However, although React doesn’t have that many ready-to-use options, it has also great, clear, and rich documentation that will guide you through and help you build the project from the scratch.
2. React vs Angular: Which is easy to Learn and use?
It also has a great community ready to help anytime. In general, there is no definite answer to which one is better React or Angular, as they both are able to build great apps. Yet we can see slightly more advantages in using React, and we choose it, as we have to face projects with performance challenges more often.
Backing Community and Initial Release
On top of that, we are appreciating the possibility to have total frontend freedom a lot. We also recommend you to have a look on our 2020 React Development Survey and Report, where many leaders shared their thoughts about using React in their companies.
FAQ: Angular vs React front end frameworks
What are your thoughts? Which one is better for you? Let me know what I’ve missed! The first question of people who hear me saying that I worked professionally with both - Angular and React, is: “So. what do you think — Angular or React??” — I find that my answer about this issue has been changed over the years.
Check the trend chart below:. I started with Angular 2 — Back in 2016, The Angular team released a Beta version. It arrived with big changes to the frontend world, and I really liked the following improvements:.
Awesome documentation — The Angular documentation was, and still - very straightforward. The learning process is very friendly and easy to get started with. I found the official documentation tutorial of Tour of Heroes a very fun way to learn the platform practically.
So.. Angular or React?
Classes — When you have some kind of “template” to code in, the less likely you will be exposed to bugs while being able to dive into different sections in the code faster. When everyone knows they have to structure the code as classes, it’s much easier to understand each module location and code execution flow.
Angular vs React Which to Choose?
In React, it was a mix of classes and functional components. If you decided that your component should manage state, you had to convert it to a class. If you decide state is not needed and want to move it to parent, should it stay a class or move it back to functional components? so many decisions to make! Today — I love using only functional components because they are small, fast to code, and can do anything a class component does.
What's the Difference Between ReactJS and React Native?
6. React vs Angular: Testing
It feels very natural and it plays really well with classes (“Wow! Is it frontend or JAVA??”). Defining the output result type to each function or variable may seem a burden to some people, but the power it gives totally worth it: Fail-fast, Easier to understand what the engineer who coded this function wants. Dependency Injection — it’s not just making life easier by using a shared service for multiple components or a specific module, it also handy for isolating classes during testing. RxJS — Dealing with HTTP in an event-driven way using Observables is. almost a game-changer. The ability to make operations and processing on streams of data in an easy, intuitive way is a time saver!
(and some lines of code, sometimes much more.). Back to my story, I started working on multiple projects from scratch and wrote them using Angular. The API has changed A LOT since the beta version, and I must say that the Angular team did a great job making the APIs much easier while reducing boilerplate code needed when creating a component, service, DI, a unit test — and connecting all those parts in different modules.
React vs Angular: Overview
When I tried to play with React back in that time. it felt like there is no “formal” / clear way of doing things: everyone is writing code everywhere, the structure of the application is totally different in each project, It was lacking TypeScript support (and examples), and managing state was a big burden — even with redux (SO many different files for managing state: reducers, actions, store) while I could do the same in one-liner using Angular (Services + RxJS).
But — since then — the React team went in the right direction by introducing hooks and context API as well as better Typescript integration! For me, it was a big game-changer since it reduced the amount of boilerplate code needed for state management.
Angular vs. React: Side-by-Side Comparison
Why use 3rd library like redux when you can just use useState, useReducer, and useContext which comes natively with it? React became a state management library as well! Besides, I could write all my components in no time and make them reusable more than ever (custom hooks).
The need to create class-based components to manage state and mix them with functional components — has gone, and I could just create functional components really fast and attach state easily using useState, useReducer, and useContext. For me, it improved the React development experience so much, that I fell in love with React although I had a deep, long relationship with Angular and decided to use it in more of my projects.
I think that there are some other people out there that think like me, and you can see it in the Stackoverflow trends in the chart above 😎.
|Ease of Update||✔️||–|
|Performance and Flexibility||–||✔️|
|Dependency Injection/ Self-Sufficiency||–||–|