Building Egyptian Pyramids For Kids

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Name: Egyptian Pyramids. Location: Egypt, Africa-Asia. Total Pyramids: Between 118 and 138. Earliest Pyramid Built: Saqqara (2670 BCE). Latest Pyramid Built: Taharqa (664 BCE). Significance: Architectural abilities of ancient Egyptians. Egyptian pyramids are pyramid-shaped structures that were built by ancient Egyptians. All the Egyptian pyramids are in the northeast region of Egypt, Africa. Most of the Egyptian pyramids were built and used as tombs for pharaohs. Egyptologists estimate there are between 118 and 138 known Egyptian Pyramids. Egyptologists believe all known Egyptian Pyramids were built between the 27th century BCE and the 7th century BCE.

The Pyramid of Djoser, also called the Step Pyramid is the oldest known Egyptian Pyramid. The Pyramid of Djoser was built in the 27th century BCE by ancient Egyptian pharaoh Djoser of the 3rd Dynasty. The GPS coordinates of the Pyramid of Djoser are 29°52′16.56″N 31°12′59.02″E.

27 Egyptian Pyramid Facts for Kids

Size and Construction of the Pyramids

  1. It’s estimated that the Pyramid of Djoser has a volume of 11.6 million cubic feet.
    The Pyramid of Djoser had a maximum height of 205 feet. The base of the Pyramid of Djoser is 358 feet by 397 feet. The most famous Egyptian pyramid is the Great Pyramid of Giza. The GPS coordinates of the Great Pyramid of Giza are 29°58′45″N 3°08′03”E. The Great Pyramid Giza is the largest pyramid at the Giza pyramid complex. The Great Pyramid Giza is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Great Pyramid Giza is built out of granite and limestone. It’s estimated that the Great Pyramid Giza has a volume of 81 million cubic feet.
  2. Recently discoveries have shown that workers from the north and south were paid to construct Egyptian Pyramids.
    Cut out a cardboard square. Cut out a square of cardboard that is 14 inches (35.5 cm) by 14 inches (35.5 cm). This square will be the base of the pyramid.[2]
    • A picture of a tomb near the Giza Egyptian Pyramids. A picture of the Sphinx statue near the Giza Pyramids. The Egyptian Pyramid – Learn about the Egyptian Pyramid, why they built them and other facts on the Smithsonian website.
  3. Pyramids of Giza – Discover the most famous Egyptian Pyramids, the Pyramids of Giza, on the Britannica website.
    Virtual Tour of the Pyramids of Giza – Use Google to take a virtual tower of the Pyramids of Giza from the comfort of your home. List of Egyptian Pyramids – Find and research all the known Egyptian pyramids on the Wikipedia website. Most of the Egyptian pyramids were constructed as burial monuments for the Egyptian pharaohs. They were built of enormous stones in varying sizes; inside they contained corridors and chambers that housed many of the items the Egyptians thought the pharaohs would need in the afterlife.
  4. It is very fine and sturdy.
    Although the pyramids could be constructed using modern technology, modern science cannot duplicate the pyramids by using technology that was available at the time they were built. Earlier pyramids have stair-stepped sides but those constructed later have smooth, flat sides. The Great Pyramid at Giza had polished sides made of highly-reflective Tura limestone. When sunlight reflected off it, the Giza pyramid looked like a great shining light. The Great Pyramid at Giza is the only one to have eight sides; all the rest of the pyramids have four sides.
  5. The pyramid tombs were placed to the left of the Nile River because that was considered to be the land of the dead.
    © Norman Walsh - The Great Sphinx guards the Pyramids. The pyramids were intended to provide a safe burial place for the pharaoh to pass on to the afterlife. Many had burial rooms for both the pharaoh and his wife. Except for one, all of the pharaohs were men.
  6. © Shelby Root - Egyptian Tomb.
    The Egyptians were a multi-theistic society. That is, they worshiped many gods and believed that the pharaohs were their direct link to the gods. The pharaohs transitioned to gods after they died, thus the attention to the Pharaoh's needs in the afterlife.
  7. Many of these paintings depict the daily lives of the pharaohs and from them we can learn much about the pharaohs.
    For example, King Tutankhamen is usually depicted in a seated position. This corroborates findings from his sarcophagus that indicate that King Tut had a club foot, which would have prohibited him from standing for extended periods of time.
  8. Curses and physical traps were place on and in the pyramids in order to protect them and deter thieves and robbers from looting the tomb.
    However, most of the pyramids have had their treasures looted and are in a considerably worse condition than they were at the time of their construction. The pyramids were built in Egypt. They are some of the most magnificent buildings that people have ever made. The pyramids were built for kings, who had a special job in ancient Egypt. The pyramids were mostly built in the late third dynasty and continued until the sixth dynasty, about 4,000 years ago.
  9. These giant monuments were the best for a long time after they were made.
    They are so tall and have been around for a long time. People always love them because they are so big and perfect. Many people have thoughts about where they come from. But no one knows for sure. Some people fantasize that aliens built them.
  10. It is still a mystery how they were able to do this, though.
    Researchers are still trying to figure out how they lived and what they were paid. Pyramids were tombs that indicate that the dead were prepared for their eternal existence, with people promised everlasting life and pharaohs expected to merge with gods.
    The first step in building a pyramid is to find a good place.

Purpose of the Pyramids

  1. The king’s lodging would have to be close enough to the capital so that he could inspect the construction work whenever he pleased.
    The pyramids also had to be built on high ground away from water when the Nile flooded. However, it couldn’t be too far because they would use the river to transport limestone blocks. The construction site should be in a place where the ground was solid, ideal for building. Memphis was the most powerful and renowned city in Egypt and the entire world. During that time, nearly 100 pyramids were built. The shape of the pyramids was meant to imitate the sun’s rays.
  2. From this perspective, ancient Egyptian tombs provide a unique glimpse into the lives of their residents.
    Tomb art isn’t only about how Egyptians died; it’s also about how they lived their life. Images of ancient farmers working in the fields and managing animals, fishing and fowling, carpentry, clothing, religious rituals, and burial practices have been found in tombs. The pyramids’ names—Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure—correspond to the pharaohs who commissioned them.
  3. The original height of this structure was 481.4 feet, though its actual size has been lost to antiquity.
    Khafre and Menkaure’s pyramids are not as big as Khufu’s. Herodotus said that the reigns of Khufu and his son, Khafre, were harsh. But this does not seem to be true because people in Egypt still say that Khufu was a wise ruler.
  4. Its sides rise at a slope of 51°52′ and are aligned with the four cardinal points of the compass.
    The Great Pyramid covered 13 acres and was constructed with around 2.3 million stones weighing a ton each. It was erected to match the points of the compass. The enormous monument is made of yellowish limestone blocks.
  5. The inside of the tomb is made from huge pieces of stone.
    Many blocks were cut, moved, and put together to make a big building which is an amazing work of engineering. For Khufu’s three wives, three little pyramids were erected. One of the pyramids was discovered nearby, and within it, we discovered an empty sarcophagus for his mother. Khufu’s pyramid, like other pyramids, was surrounded by rows of mastabas where the king’s relatives or officials were buried to accompany and support him in the afterlife.
  6. This beautiful passage rises to 26 feet.
    It takes you directly to the King’s Chamber, made from red granite. The king’s sarcophagus is made of red granite, and it is right in the middle of the pyramid. The purpose of this room was to hide the entrance with a series of big rocks and lots of stone on top. The mortuary of Khufu included seven large boat pits.
  7. Khufu had two pits in which he kept boats.
    The boats were completely disassembled and placed in the pits. One of these vessels has been resurrected. This cedar boat, measuring 142 feet long, consisted of 1,224 separate pieces stitched together with ropes. The Khafre Pyramid in Giza is the second largest of all the ancient pyramids.
  8. He built the Great Pyramid in Giza.
    During excavation, a massive statue of the king was found buried in the floor of a temple. It’s made from a hard rock called gneiss. This sculpture shows the king sitting on a lion’s throne with symbols of lotus and papyrus. He is holding a hieroglyph for stability.
  9. The Horus falcon wraps around the back of the king’s headdress.
    Today we know there were about 23 images of this pharaoh in this temple before. The Great Sphinx was one of the most remarkable monuments built during the Old Kingdom of Egypt, and it is located near the heart of Khafre’s pyramid complex.
    The Great Sphinx was the world’s largest statue when it was built.

Pharaoh Burials after the Pyramids

  1. It was thought to resemble Horus.
    It served to guard the kings’ tombs in Giza. The Menkaure pyramid is the third pyramid and the tiniest of the Giza pyramids. It was built for King Menkaure (Mycerinus in Greek). King Menkaure, like all other rulers who possessed pyramids at Giza, ruled Egypt during the 4th dynasty. The pyramid of Menkaure was formerly 215 feet high, but removing the pyramid’s outer casing and capstone has reduced it to 204 feet.
  2. For ages, tomb robbers, treasure hunters, and archaeologists have scoured the Valley of the Kings looking for riches—but it still surprises them.
    Many people believed that the 62 tombs unearthed before 1922 represented all there was to find in the area—until Howard Carter stumbled upon the burial place of a young king named Tutankhamun.
  3. 3
    Make a sugar cube square. Create a 10 by 10 square base of sugar cubes in the center of the cardboard square (using 100 sugar cubes total). Glue down each sugar cube using white school glue.[22]
  4. 4
    Add the second layer to the pyramid. Position a 9 by 9 square of sugar cubes in the center of the first layer (using 81 cubes). Glue down each sugar cube.[23]
  5. 5
    Continue adding layers. Each layer should be 1 cube smaller than the previous layer, so the next layer is 8 by 8 (64 cubes), then 7 by 7 (49 cubes), 6 by 6 (36 cubes), 5 by 5 (25 cubes), 4 by 4 (16 cubes), 3 by 3 (9 cubes), 2 by 2 (4 cubes), and finally a single sugar cube on top.[24]
  6. 6
    Let the glue completely dry. Allow the glue to dry for several hours to ensure all the sugar cubes are firmly in place.[25]
  7. 7
    Paint the pyramid. Use a paintbrush to paint the entire pyramid a sandy brown color. Use only a small amount of paint, and be careful not to damage the pyramid as you go.[26]
  8. 8
    Let the pyramid dry. Allow the pyramid to dry completely overnight. You can then proudly present it at school.[27]

Pictures of Egyptian Pyramids

Add New Question
  • Where do you get the sugar cubes from?
    Community Answer
    Sugar cubes can be found at the grocery store or supermarket. Choose plain white ones or brown sugar cubes so you don't have to paint them.
  • How long does the first method take?
    Community Answer
    One day, because you have to let it dry overnight.
  • Where can I get a hot glue gun?
    Community Answer
    Hobby Lobby, Michael's, or Joann Fabrics! They should have it, or just go to Walmart or Target and look in the craft aisle.
  • Where do you get the sand from?
    Community Answer
    You can get sand from your local supermarket or from craft supply stores. If you can find any, order it online.
  • Will the pyramid sand fall off over a period of time?
    Community Answer
    Yes, it will, but adding more glue can help prevent this.
  • Why do we need hot glue and sand?
    Community Answer
    The hot glue is more durable, and the sand will make it look more authentic.
  • Will I need a parental guide?
    Community Answer
    It would be a good idea to have a parent help you with the glue gun.
  • Where can I get cardboard from?
    Community Answer
    If you don't have any around the house, you can buy some at a craft store, or ask around at stores (grocery stores, drug stores, etc.), as often they will have empty boxes lying around from shipments they've received.
  • Where do I get glue?
    Community Answer
    A local craft store like Michael's or Hobby Lobby would work! If you can't find it there, just look in the craft aisle in any grocery store. They're sure to have it!
  • Where can I buy paintbrushes?
    Community Answer
    A hardware or home repair store such as Home Depot or Lowes will carry them. Craft stores such as Michaels will also have them.
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Three Ancient Pyramids

  • Working with glue is messy so lay newspapers down before you start.
  • Decorate the area around the base of the pyramid with sand, a faux Nile River, and other Egyptian elements.
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Find More Facts About the Egyptian Pyramids

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How to Build a Pyramid

wikiHow Staff Writer
This article was co-authored by wikiHow staff writer, Sophia Latorre. Sophia Latorre is a Content Manager on the wikiHow team. Before joining wikiHow, Sophia worked as a technical editor and was published in six International Energy Agency (IEA) Wind Annual Reports. Now, she writes, edits, and reviews articles for the wikiHow Content Team, working to make the content as helpful as possible for readers worldwide. Sophia holds a BA in English from Colorado State University. This article has been viewed 679,403 times.
339 votes - 77%
Updated: March 31, 2022
Categories: Featured Articles | Model Making
Article SummaryX

To build a pyramid out of cardboard for a school project, cut a square out of cardboard, then cut out 4 cardboard triangles, with the bases slightly smaller than the square. Hot glue the long edges of the triangles together so they stand up in a pyramid shape, then glue the bottom of the pyramid to the square to form a base. Let the glue dry completely, then draw bricks onto the pyramid with a permanent marker. For an even more realistic appearance, brush white school glue onto the pyramid, then sprinkle sand over the glue. Allow the pyramid to dry overnight. Keep reading to learn how to make a pyramid out of clay!

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In other languages
Português:Construir uma Pirâmide para a Escola
Italiano:Costruire una Piramide per un Progetto Scolastico
Русский:построить пирамиду для школы
Bahasa Indonesia:Membangun Piramida untuk Tugas Sekolah
Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 679,403 times.

Pyramid of Menkaure (Mykerinus Pyramid)

  • "It was so helpfu, I wish I was this talented to put up instructions for a pyramid. 5 stars!"

Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops Pyramid)