First thing to remember about NodeJS is that its neither a framework and nor a programming language.
Following are the features of NodeJS which differs from other backend creating frameworks or languages −. NodeJS is easy to understand and get started with. It can be used for prototyping and agile development.
Node.js usage statistics and popularity:
Provides high performance and scalable services. Large ecosystem and contributors for open source library. Asynchronous and single threaded.
In this example, we will see how to include the HTTP module to build the server in NodeJS. Create a JS File as → filename.js. (You can create a file with other name as well. Just keep in mind that when running the code using node, change the name there too, else it will throw a FileNotFound error.).
It is used for building single page user interfaces or web browser apps. React's virtual DOM algorithm is a time-consuming and imprecise writing ode.
What is React.js?
It can be used as a base in all the signle-page, complex and interactive web projects.
- We can use react in nesting components to allow complex application to be built out of simple building blocks.
- Following are some of the features of ReactJS that makes it different from other programming languages −.
- It has virtual DOM which represent better UI and keeps in memory, also syncs itself with the real DOM.
- Since, it has virtual component – it gives smoother and faster performance. Here is a React app project example.
What exactly is React.js?
However, they are totally different. Some people might even argue that to find the difference between node js and react js is just like comparing a train to an airplane.
Both of them work on an entirely different domain. The main reason why Node and React’s comparison is unfair is that Node.js is a framework to handle back-end, meaning it is developed to handle the server-side computations.
Meanwhile, React.js was developed to handle the User Interface and User Experience (UI/UX). Although glaringly present, the differences do not take anything away from the sheer power and the versatility that each of these frameworks brings into their respective domain.
Another way to string together the main difference would be that neither Node.js or React.js are interchangeable at any stage of your web development project.
With that being said, there are individual minute differences that any developer should consider when working on their projects, such as the performance, the learning curve, the community of both the frameworks and microservices’ support.
Listed below, you will find a comprehensive weighted comparison of node js vs. react js on the aforementioned grounds. But before we begin our comparison, we must first understand both Node.js and React.js intricately and discuss the various use cases of these technologies.
Most prominent features of Node.js:
Read:Difference between NodeJS and Django.
- The need for a robust means to handle the backend, server-side development yielded the framework we know as Node.js.
- Node.js was developed by Google and is based out of their V8 engine present in their web browser, i.e., Google Chrome.
- Node.js is a lightweight framework mainly because of its event-driven nature and the fact that it does not block the I/O.
- Node.js really shines the brightest when used to host API’s, access the database for the website, and serve the HyperText Transfer Protocol.
- Node.js enjoys a very diverse clientele, with major players like Netflix, Uber, and Trello, all making use of Node.js in their backend.
The reason why each of these companies uses this framework is different.
Node js vs React js: Final Verdict
Netflix, the leading online content streaming service, has to conduct A/B testing; only then would they serve the 93 million active users of their streaming service. The lightweight nature of Node.js has allowed them to serve the content swiftly.
They have both reduced their startup time by over 70% and improved their scalability by shifting to Node.js.
Most prominent features of Node.js:.
Open Source: The code of Node.js is readily available for any developer to use and edit free of cost.
Improved Performance: Node.js enables the developers to perform non-blocking operations to enhance the performance of the apps.
Scalability: The apps powered by Node.js can be scaled both horizontally and vertically according to the need of the developer.
React.js is another open-source code library used to develop the front-end or user interfaces for web apps and websites.
The main reason for React.js’ existence is to improve speed and provide a dependable platform to serve the front-end.
React.js is developed by Facebook.
Facebook has enabled companies of all sorts, from the content-driven websites like the New York times and social media apps like Twitter, to serve their front-end and provide an enriching User Interface.
A website like Facebook, which entirely relies on interaction with the user, has to use a dynamic framework.
So, any active elements that you see on Facebook were wholly developed with the help of their React.js framework.
It caches individual modules, thus reducing the load times.
It uses asynchronous programming and not linear blocking Input-Output programming.
Complex architecture. React.js helps a lot in keeping track of the complexity which are there in your project.
The popularity of both Node.js and React.js is unquestioned.
Both of these frameworks have a huge community backing them up.
However, if you are tussled with what you should choose for your project you are working on, choosing one over the other could prove difficult.
A straightforward thumb rule that you should keep in your mind is that if you want to create the front end, choose React.js and if backend creation your domain, you should choose Node.js without a shadow of doubt lingering in your mind.
Based on a detailed discussion on both the technologies, you can find the one you should use for your next software development.
- Specially to host APIs, access the database, and serve HTTP requests, developers use the Node.js framework.
Who uses Node.js? Node.js is used by the majority of companies and has multiple famous clients, such as Netflix, NASA, Trello, PayPal, LinkedIn, Walmart, Uber, Twitter, Yahoo, eBay, GoDaddy, and more.
What is Node.js?
Here we have who and why Node.js has evolved its framework of choice.
If we talk about Netflix, they went through A/B testing to offer a reach experience to 93 million users.