Difference Between Nodejs And React

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Trending Categories. Selected Reading. Node.jsServer Side ProgrammingProgrammingReact JS. ReactJS and NodeJS both are a widely used subsets of JavaScript nowadays with high performance. But both are different in someways. In the below article, we will discuss the difference between the two and which is better to use to build a web application and why ?

It is a completely open-source and cross-platform runtime environment used for executing JavaScript code outside of a browser. The event driven model of NodeJs lets the user to create a fast and scalable network applications.

First thing to remember about NodeJS is that its neither a framework and nor a programming language.


NodeJS is a lightweight, efficient JavaScript runtime environment on the server side which is powered by the Chrome V8 JavaScript engine and uses a nonblocking I/O model to run applications.

Following are the features of NodeJS which differs from other backend creating frameworks or languages −. NodeJS is easy to understand and get started with. It can be used for prototyping and agile development.

Node.js usage statistics and popularity:

Provides high performance and scalable services. Large ecosystem and contributors for open source library. Asynchronous and single threaded.

In this example, we will see how to include the HTTP module to build the server in NodeJS. Create a JS File as → filename.js. (You can create a file with other name as well. Just keep in mind that when running the code using node, change the name there too, else it will throw a FileNotFound error.).

For compiling the JS file go to the terminal and run the following command −. It is also an open-source JavaScript library (instead of a conventional web framework) that can be used with a web browser.

It is used for building single page user interfaces or web browser apps. React's virtual DOM algorithm is a time-consuming and imprecise writing ode.

What is React.js?

It can be used as a base in all the signle-page, complex and interactive web projects.

  • We can use react in nesting components to allow complex application to be built out of simple building blocks.
  • Following are some of the features of ReactJS that makes it different from other programming languages −.
  • It has reusable codes that makes it simple to learn and use. The ReactJS library has JSX (JavaScript XML). It supports one-way binding which provides complete control over the application.
  • It has virtual DOM which represent better UI and keeps in memory, also syncs itself with the real DOM.
  • Since, it has virtual component – it gives smoother and faster performance. Here is a React app project example.

What exactly is React.js?

Create a ReactJS application project and edit the App.js file in the source folder −. Related Questions & Answers. The Js at the end of both Node and React refer to the language of JavaScript. Node and React are both the frameworks of JavaScript. However, the ensuing language that both the frameworks have been the same, the use cases for both of these frameworks.

However, they are totally different. Some people might even argue that to find the difference between node js and react js is just like comparing a train to an airplane.


Both of them work on an entirely different domain. The main reason why Node and React’s comparison is unfair is that Node.js is a framework to handle back-end, meaning it is developed to handle the server-side computations.

Meanwhile, React.js was developed to handle the User Interface and User Experience (UI/UX). Although glaringly present, the differences do not take anything away from the sheer power and the versatility that each of these frameworks brings into their respective domain.

Another way to string together the main difference would be that neither Node.js or React.js are interchangeable at any stage of your web development project.

With that being said, there are individual minute differences that any developer should consider when working on their projects, such as the performance, the learning curve, the community of both the frameworks and microservices’ support.

Listed below, you will find a comprehensive weighted comparison of node js vs. react js on the aforementioned grounds. But before we begin our comparison, we must first understand both Node.js and React.js intricately and discuss the various use cases of these technologies.

Most prominent features of Node.js:

Read:Difference between NodeJS and Django.

  • The need for a robust means to handle the backend, server-side development yielded the framework we know as Node.js.
  • Node.js was developed by Google and is based out of their V8 engine present in their web browser, i.e., Google Chrome.
  • Node.js is a lightweight framework mainly because of its event-driven nature and the fact that it does not block the I/O.
  • Node.js really shines the brightest when used to host API’s, access the database for the website, and serve the HyperText Transfer Protocol.
  • Node.js enjoys a very diverse clientele, with major players like Netflix, Uber, and Trello, all making use of Node.js in their backend.

The reason why each of these companies uses this framework is different.

Node js vs React js: Final Verdict

Netflix, the leading online content streaming service, has to conduct A/B testing; only then would they serve the 93 million active users of their streaming service. The lightweight nature of Node.js has allowed them to serve the content swiftly.

They have both reduced their startup time by over 70% and improved their scalability by shifting to Node.js.

Most prominent features of Node.js:.

Open Source: The code of Node.js is readily available for any developer to use and edit free of cost.

Improved Performance: Node.js enables the developers to perform non-blocking operations to enhance the performance of the apps.

Scalability: The apps powered by Node.js can be scaled both horizontally and vertically according to the need of the developer.

React.js is another open-source code library used to develop the front-end or user interfaces for web apps and websites.

The main reason for React.js’ existence is to improve speed and provide a dependable platform to serve the front-end.

React.js is developed by Facebook.

Facebook has enabled companies of all sorts, from the content-driven websites like the New York times and social media apps like Twitter, to serve their front-end and provide an enriching User Interface.

A website like Facebook, which entirely relies on interaction with the user, has to use a dynamic framework.

So, any active elements that you see on Facebook were wholly developed with the help of their React.js framework.

  • Instagram, which is another subsidiary of Facebook, is yet another example successful example of React.js.
  • Most prominent features of React.js:.
  • Maintenance is easy: This library is smart in the regards that it uses or rather re-uses any crucial system components and solves any issue regarding the updation of this framework.
  • Performance: The use of the Virtual Document Object Model (DOM) improves any React.js-based apps’ performance significantly.
  • Stability of code: Because of using only the downward flow of data, React.js ensures that any code is written would be very stable.
  • Learn: 9 Exciting React Project Ideas & Topics for Beginners.
  • The technology behind both React and Node is the same, but they are used in two entirely different domains.
  • Listed below, you will find a comprehensive comparison of both React.js and Node.js.
  • This comparison should help you decide which of the framework would suit the project you are currently working on the most.
  • Great Scalability.
  • It can be extended both vertically and horizontally.

It caches individual modules, thus reducing the load times.

  • You can easily e code which you have written in Javathe’ipt, and with the help, you can convert it into machine code very easily.
  • It supports both the server-side and the client-side.
  • It offers code components that can be easily reused.
  • Uses Virtual DOM for faster computations. It has support for both of the leading mobile operating systems (android and iOS).

It uses asynchronous programming and not linear blocking Input-Output programming.

  • It does not have any rich libraries. It is challenging to learn and master. Because of the leaps and bounds made in this framework keeping up is difficult. Data streaming.
  • This framework’s asynchronous nature allows it to handle the streaming of data very effectively, and the speed at which the data is streamed is also very high.
  • Node.js has the capacity to handle many connections at a time; thus, hosting APIs with the help of Node.js is very useful.
  • Microservices: The lightweight nature of Node.js allows the developers to write microservices very easily and effectively.
  • The very nature and the reason for the existence of React.js are to handle dynamic events. So, it is imperative that React is very well suited to handle and make dynamic elements or entire dynamic websites and web apps.

Complex architecture. React.js helps a lot in keeping track of the complexity which are there in your project.

The popularity of both Node.js and React.js is unquestioned.

Both of these frameworks have a huge community backing them up.

However, if you are tussled with what you should choose for your project you are working on, choosing one over the other could prove difficult.

A straightforward thumb rule that you should keep in your mind is that if you want to create the front end, choose React.js and if backend creation your domain, you should choose Node.js without a shadow of doubt lingering in your mind.

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Both Node.js and React.js are of JavaScript, yet both are completely different.

  • The main difference between Node.js and React.js is that Node.js is a back-end framework while React.js is used for user interface development for the app.
  • Yet, both have their cons and pros and unique use cases for mobile app development.
  • In this article, you will find the introduction of React JS and Node JS, their features, example for the app development and its difference.


Based on a detailed discussion on both the technologies, you can find the one you should use for your next software development.

Let's get started. Node.js is one such framework that helps develop the back-end of applications with JavaScript.

  • As per Google Chrome's V8 JavaScript engine powers, Node.js is more useful and lightweight. Developers highly use it for event-driven and non-blocking I/O models.
  • Specially to host APIs, access the database, and serve HTTP requests, developers use the Node.js framework.

Who uses Node.js? Node.js is used by the majority of companies and has multiple famous clients, such as Netflix, NASA, Trello, PayPal, LinkedIn, Walmart, Uber, Twitter, Yahoo, eBay, GoDaddy, and more.

What is Node.js?

Here we have who and why Node.js has evolved its framework of choice.

If we talk about Netflix, they went through A/B testing to offer a reach experience to 93 million users.