A medium size water wheel electric generator can provide enough electricity for one house (3 bulbs, one TV and one radio all running at the same time).
Not only you will no longer dependent on the power grid, but you’ll have electricity when SHTF and more important: absolutely FREE.
Unlike solar panels, a water wheel electric generator can produce electricity 24/7.
Hydroelectricity is the world’s largest and cleanest source of renewable energy. But despite lively interest in renewables generally, there is an information vacuum about the smallest version of the technology dubbed “the simplest, most reliable and least expensive way to generate power off grid.”.
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Hydroelectric energy has been used worldwide for a long time to generate huge amounts of electricity from water stored behind massive dams.
Small scale hydropower generators are usually used without a damn. They are called run-of-the-river micro-hydro installations and they are very efficient. For example a small water wheel electric generator with a drop of only 3 ft may generate enough electricity for a small house.
In the United States, run-of-the-river hydropower could potentially provide 60,000 MW (about 13.7% of total use if continuously available).
So, if you have a river or a brook nearby you may consider building a water wheel electric generator to power your home.
It’s actually pretty simple. The flowing, dropping water is spinning a wheel (see image).
The wheel shaft it’s connected to a simple coil generator that produces electricity. You’ve probably seen that front bike flashlight is connected by a dynamo to the bike’s wheel. And while you are pedaling the flashlight is on.
This is exactly the same principle. Usually, for a water wheel electric generator you need at least 3 feet of fall and at least 20 gallons per minute of flow.
The more fall and flow you have, the more potential power you can generate. You can measure flow by building a weir in the creek and measuring how fast it will fill up a 5 gallon bucket.
Power Outputin kilowatts-hour is calculated by the formula: KW = 0.004 x Q x V x H x C where:Q = Weight of water (volume per sec x capacity of the buckets)V = Velocity of the stream per second (meters)H = Head, or height difference of water between the lip of the flume (head race) and the tailrace – metersC = Efficiency Constant – usually around 50%.
This is how you can actually calculate the energy your water wheel electric generator will produce.
Take a look at your monthly electric bill and see how many KW your household consumes per month. Divide the KW by the number of days the month had and again by 24.
The result is the KW you consume per hour. Compare it with your formula results and see if the water wheel electric generator can produce enough electricity for your house or just a percent.
What happens when an iPhone is dropped in water?
Mainly a water wheel electric generator has two major components: the wheels and the dynamo. These components can be made both at home, but I recommend buying the dynamo because it’s not easy to make (not a very efficient one).
The largest wheel is the one which holds the water and the first to spin. When building the wheel you have to take into consideration the scale and the materials.
For the overshot wheel the optimal diameter of the wheel is the largest possible (the drop) and the optimal rotational speed of is approximately: 21/ √D where D is the diameter of the wheel (meters).
You can build it from any material but the lighter, the better. Most water wheels are built from wood.
First we have to build the wooden wheels. You can do it by using the top and bottom of the barrel or you can build it from scratch.
Here is a video tutorial (3 parts):. In order to produce more electric power you have to connect the wooden wheel to a smaller wheel thru a chain or by using a cogwheel in order to generate more rotations even if you lose some physical power over the rotation.
Usually a dynamo doesn’t need much force to work optimal but rather a high rotation speed.
If you don’t want to use a dynamo to generate electricity you can use an electric DC motor.
Most DC motors can operate as generators. This video will better explain how to interconnect the wheels and maximize the output:.
The pipe has to be as large as possible to minimize the friction and maximize the flow. The higher the drop and the larger the flow the more electricity your water wheel generator will produce.
You may also take into consideration a capacity to store electricity and use it when in need.
Should I use rice to dry my iPhone?
For example a solar energy storage battery will work just fine. If you don’t need electricity you may adapt the water wheel to grind grain, to cut wood, strengthen iron or to sharpen tools.
Anyway you choose to use it, a water wheel is an important installation when living off the grid or when SHTF. If you still find it complicated building a water wheel electric generator by yourself, you may use a step by step guidewith more specific measurements.
Another very efficient use of a water wheel electric generator is for aquaponic systems.
If you already have an aquaponic system think about maximizing the outcome by producing free electricity to light a neon bulb (for example) to help plants grow even faster.
Usually the water is pumped from the fish tank up to the plants. Where water is directed back to the fish tanks place a mini water wheel generator.
If you are interested in building an aquaponic system you might find this video very helpful. So you dropped your iPhone in water.
Unfortunately, it happens to the best of us. When I worked in an Apple Store we’d see people with the same problem every day, ranging from saltwater to toilet water.
It’s never good, but it might not be too late to avoid water damage to your iPhone. The very first thing to do is carefully remove your iPhone from the water and turn it off. Now leave it turned off!
This is the hardest thing I’ll ask of you. Resist the temptation to check if your iPhone still works, and leave it powered off. The second you touch one of those buttons you’re likely to cause more damage, so don’t do it.
With that out of the way, let’s get into what you should do next.
What to do if you drop your iPhone in water. Is my iPhone waterproof? How do I tell if my iPhone is water damaged?
How do I fix a water damaged iPhone? It’s all too easy to get your iPhone wet. But it doesn’t matter if you got caught in a heavy downpour or dropped your device to the bottom of a lake…our advice is the same.
Even for water-resistant iPhones. We already said this, but it’s worth repeating. Turn your iPhone off as soon as you get it out of the water.
Press and hold the Side button with the Volume Up button, then slide to power off. And once it’s turned off, do not turn it back on. If your iPhone is in a case, water might have gotten trapped when you dropped it. Remove the case and any other accessories from your iPhone, including your screen protector.
Dry off your bare iPhone by wiping it with a lint-free cloth. You want to absorb the liquid on the outside of your device without leaving it covered in material fibers.
If you don’t have a lint-free cloth to hand, a t-shirt usually does the trick. Don’t stick anything in the lightning or headphone ports.
Tilt your iPhone so the port faces down and gently tap it to encourage liquid to drip out. Do this for the speakers as well. Your iPhone should feel completely dry on the outside when you’re finished.
Your iPhone might appear dry, but there’s probably still liquid inside it. Use a SIM tool, a straightened paperclip, or a pin to eject the SIM tray on the side of your device.
Remove the SIM card and carefully dry it off. Now store it somewhere safe. Leave the SIM tray out of your iPhone to create a vent, which helps the liquid inside to evaporate.
Wait 24–48 hours for your iPhone to dry. And don’t stick it in a bag of rice. Find a flat, open space to leave your iPhone instead. The space should be well ventilated and dry, like a windowsill or a bookshelf.
Do not place your iPhone, iPad, or iPod in direct sunlight! Instead, choose a place that’s covered by shade. If you want, you can try to speed up the process by placing silica gel packs around your iPhone or putting it under a cool fan.
Don’t use a hairdryer or a radiator. Wait as long as possible without using your iPhone. Do not turn your iPhone on during this time. If you use your device while the components are still wet, you could cause irreparable damage.
Only when you’re confident your iPhone is dry should you turn it on again. This is the million-dollar question. Unfortunately, without prying your iPhone open, it’s impossible to know if the liquid inside has evaporated or not.
All you can do is wait as long as possible, then take a leap of faith and start using it again.
If it turns on, the first thing you should do is make a backup. You never know if a water damaged iPhone is going to stop working two weeks down the line.
For added certainty, you should look into getting a repair or a replacement. “If you drop your iPhone in water, stick it in some uncooked rice to dry it out.” We’ve all heard this advice before, but it isn’t true.
It’s not hard to understand the logic: rice absorbs water, so it should draw out and absorb the water from your iPhone. In fact, the advice was around long before iPhones were invented, as rice was suggested to protect film stock from humid environments.
But that doesn’t make it any less of a myth. Rice is less effective at drying your device than just leaving it in an open, well-ventilated space. Not only that, but you run the risk of getting grains jammed in your iPhone ports.
Trust me, it happens, and it can break your iPhone. Chances are, whenever you hear a successful rice story, that person’s device would have been fine if they left it alone anyway.
How do I tell if my iPhone is water damaged?
In fact, it would have dried out faster if they avoided the rice. Ignore the stories and keep your iPhone in the open.
If you’re anything like me, you don’t have an excellent understanding of electricity.
But essentially, there are three major things you need to worry about if you drop your iPhone in water. First, the battery could short circuit.
This is potentially quite dangerous as it can cause the battery to heat up, swell, or burst. But even if nothing as dramatic (and unlikely) as that happens, your battery life is probably going to take a hit.
The second thing to worry about with a wet iPhone is corrosion on your internal components. This actually comes from a variety of minerals and chemicals in most water sources reacting to the electrical current.
The reactions reduce the conductance of your components until they stop working. And finally, you should worry about what happens to those minerals when the water evaporates.
This is why saltwater is so bad your iPhone because the water leaves salt deposits on your internal components.
That salt has extremely high conductance and short circuits the components. There are no waterproof iPhones.
But there are water resistant ones. Since the iPhone 7, all new iPhones have had a water resistance rating of at least IP67.
That means they should survive at a depth of one meter for up to 30 minutes.
The iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max even have a rating of IP68, taking them down to two meters. However, the water-resistant elements of your iPhone degrade over time.
That means a three-year-old iPhone 7 isn’t as water-resistant as it used to be. Not only that, but the chemicals and minerals in water sources can damage or rust the outside of your iPhone.
You should always try to avoid getting liquid on your electronics. A waterproof device is designed to work underwater.
It should be fully sealed to keep water out. A water-resistant device is designed to protect against accidental spills and splashes. You should still avoid liquid whenever possible. Water damage can be an invisible killer of iPhones.
Generally speaking, it can cause any number of erratic or unusual behaviors: poor battery life, unresponsive touchscreen, or blurred photos to name just a few.
What’s more, this strange behavior might take weeks or even months to arise.
Corrosion on the internal components of your iPhone continues to develop long after you dropped it in water.
You might think your iPhone is fine only for it to die a few months down the line.
If you take your iPhone to the Genius Bar for a repair, they can find out if it has been water damaged. They do this by looking for a number of different signs.
A liquid contact indicator (LCI) in the SIM tray or headphone port on your device turns red when it gets wet.
You can check this yourself, but there’s another one on the inside of your iPhone that you need to open the device to find.
Upon opening your device, there are usually other signs of liquid damage as well.
This could range from mineral deposits to corrosion, to a puddle of water still present on the inside (I’ve seen this happen more than once). Rest assured, if your iPhone is water damaged the Apple Geniuses will find out about it.
Drying your iPhone and hoping for the best isn’t the only course of action you can take after dropping it in water.
You could also look into getting a repair or, in Apple’s case, a replacement device.
But first, if you dropped your iPhone in the toilet, please clean it and let someone know before you hand it over to them!
Apple doesn’t repair water damaged iPhones. This is because they can’t guarantee they fixed it without replacing every single component.
So they offer a replacement device instead. Apple’s warranty doesn’t cover liquid damage, even for water-resistant iPhones.
So, unless you have AppleCare+, you need to pay for an “Out of Warranty” replacement device.
This is usually quite expensive, but it doesn’t cost as much as a new iPhone off the shelf. Alternatively, you could look for a third-party iPhone repair shop offering water damage repairs.
There is still no guarantee they can fix your device, but many repair shops operate on a “No Fix, No Fee” principle. Even if the repair shop can’t fix your iPhone, they may have an option to help you recover data.
If you’re feeling pretty handy, you might consider a DIY repair on your water damaged iPhone.
You should only consider this if you have no other option — since it isn’t easy and can easily do more damage to your device.
Follow the comprehensive guide on iFixit to attempt a DIY repair on your water damaged iPhone. You need to buy several specialist tools, as well as some 90% isopropyl alcohol to soak your damaged components.
That’s just about all there is to say about the wet iPhones. Now you know what to do if you drop your iPhone in water. Let us know what happened in the comments — it might ease the pain to share your story.
And tell us what tips you used on your device. We’ve crossed our fingers for you! Dan writes tutorials and troubleshooting guides to help people make the most of their technology.
Before becoming a writer, he earned a BSc in Sound Technology, supervised repairs at an Apple Store, and even taught English in China.
Default extraction rate: 120m3 water per minute.Head Lift: 10 meters.(Allows fluids to be transported 10 meters upwards.)Extracts water from the body of water it is built on.Note that the water needs to be deep enough and that rivers do not commonly suffice.
The Water Extractor is a Building used to pump Water out of water bodies. It has one Pipeline output with a recommended head lift of 10 meters.
It cannot extract from Resource Wells, a Resource Well Pressurizer and Extractor have to be used instead.
The building hitbox is about 20 m x 19.5 m, however, the space required to place it down is 25 m x 25 m. Thus, it is recommended to build the Water Extractor first, then build the Foundations (if desired) around it.
How do I know when my iPhone is dry?
Can be snapped to Foundations or other extractors. Sometimes, it can be difficult to place the Water Extractor down due to the depth of the water and the view angle.
It is advised to stand on higher elevation such as on a Lookout Tower or ladders before building the Extractors. Water Extractors must be built on deep water.
When building it, a warning will display if the target water is too shallow.
Rivers are usually considered shallow water. Water Extractors need a vertical clearance of at least nine meters below the water surface.
This refers to man-made buildings only. For example, if a Foundation is located nine meters below the water level, an extractor can then be built above it. There are exceptions: as the deep water area classified by the internal game code does not totally match the terrain appearance, there are some areas where Water Extractor cannot be built on them, in which case one must find another water source.
However, there are some areas where you can build water extractors despite possessing an inadequate depth of water, or no water at all.
There is a workaround with underwater Stackable Conveyor Poles, see below. After a certain distance, water in these areas no longer counts as a water volume for purposes of building Extractors.
A build hologram will not appear when attempting to place a Water Extractor beyond this boundary.
West of the Oil Islands coast. South-East of the Swamp.
To snap Water Extractors to a foundation grid, you must be pointing at a foundation while placing the Water Extractor. The following technique can be used to make this easier:.
Build a Foundation 8m x 4m where you want the output Pipeline to connect. The top of this foundation should be close to the water surface.
Build a second Foundation 8m x 4m on the far side of where the Water Extractor will be placed.
Make sure to leave three foundations of space between the foundations. Stand on the first foundation. Build a Water Extractor while aiming at the second foundation. The Water Extractor should snap to the same grid as the second foundation.
If you want to snap to the grid of the first foundation make sure it is on the same grid as the second foundation. This also works from the side, but can be trickier to line up as the snapping point is off-center.
Additionally, holding Ctrl allows the Water Extractors to be snapped next to each other. Main article: Head lift.
A Water Extractor provides a head lift of 10 meters, measured from the center point of its pipe outlet.
Water Extractors can be overclocked by using Power Shards. At 250%, a Water Extractor produces exactly as much flow as a Pipeline Mk.1 can transport.
Patch 0.4.0.0: Implemented proper snapping functionality for Water Extractors. Patch 0.3.4.4: Now should be place-able again in water with enough depth.
Patch 0.3.4.3: Now should be place-able again in more locations (there are still some issues).
Patch 0.3.4.0: This patch made Water Extractors no longer snap to the water surface, making them impossible to place. Patch 0.3.3.0: The fluid display now shows the correct amount. Patch 0.3.2.1: Now should no longer be upgradable to Geothermal Generators.
How to Turn off Water at the Street
Patch 0.3.2.0: Now should no longer be disconnected from water on load when the water volume has been replaced. Patch 0.3.0.1: Fixed some water volumes on the map causing the Water Extractor to stop outputting.
Affected Water Extractors will have to be rebuilt. Patch 0.3: Introduced. Nuclear Power Plant.
Image of the Water Extractor shown in the Update 3 Trailer. Common setups for Coal Generators respecting the 8:3 ratio, with no throughput limits.
Some Water Extractors built side-by-side. Water Extractors involved in Aluminum production. The HUB • MAM • Space Elevator • AWESOME Sink • AWESOME Shop.
Water Extractor • Oil Extractor • Resource Well Pressurizer (Extractor). Constructor • Assembler • Manufacturer • Packager • Refinery • Blender • Particle Accelerator. Smelter • Foundry.
Biomass Burner • Coal Generator • Fuel Generator • Geothermal Generator • Nuclear Power Plant.
Wall Outlets • Double Wall Outlets. Conveyor Belts • Conveyor Lifts (Floor Hole) • Conveyor Pole (Stackable, Wall Mount).
Pipeline Support (Stackable, Wall Support, Wall Hole, Floor Hole) • Pipeline Mk.1 (Mk.2) • Pipeline Junction Cross • Pipeline Pump Mk.1 (Mk.2) • Valve.
Conveyor Merger • Conveyor Splitter (Smart, Programmable). Ceiling Light • Flood Light Tower (Wall Mounted) • Street Light • Lights Control Panel. Label Sign (2m, 3m, 4m) • Display Sign • Portrait Sign • Square Sign (0.5m, 1m, 2m) • Small Billboard • Large Billboard.
Crate • Personal Storage Box (Medical, Hazard) • Storage Container (Industrial) • Fluid Buffer (Industrial).
FICSIT (1m, 2m, 4m) • Grip Metal (1m, 2m, 4m) • Concrete (1m, 2m, 4m) • Asphalt (1m, 2m, 4m) • Coated (1m, 2m, 4m). Ramp (1m, 2m, 4m) • Up Corner Ramp (1m, 2m, 4m) • Down Corner Ramp (1m, 2m, 4m) • Double Ramp (2m, 4m, 8m).
Inverted Ramp (1m, 2m, 4m) • Inverted Up Corner (1m, 2m, 4m) • Inverted Down Corner (1m, 2m, 4m). Quarter Pipe (Inverted) • Inner Corner Quarter Pipe (Inverted) • Outer Corner Quarter Pipe (Inverted).
FICSIT (4m, 1m) • Steel (4m, 1m) • Concrete (4m, 1m). FICSIT (1m, 2m, 4m, 8m) • Steel (1m, 2m, 4m, 8m) • Concrete (1m, 2m, 4m, 8m).
FICSIT (1m, 2m, 4m, 8m) • Steel (1m, 2m, 4m, 8m) • Concrete (1m, 2m, 4m, 8m). FICSIT (4m, 8m) • FICSIT Corner (4m, 8m) • Steel (4m, 8m) • Steel Corner (4m, 8m) • Concrete (4m, 8m) • Concrete Corner (4m, 8m).
Single (FICSIT, Steel, Concrete) • Frame (FICSIT, Steel, Concrete) • Panel (FICSIT, Steel, Concrete) • Reinforced (FICSIT, Steel, Concrete) • Full Frame • Hex Frame.
FICSIT (Center, Side) • Steel (Center, Side) • Concrete (Center, Side) • Gate Hole Wall (FICSIT, Steel, Concrete) • Automated Gate.
FICSIT (x1, x2, x3) • Steel (x1, x2, x3) • Concrete (x1, x2, x3).
Hypertube • Hypertube Entrance • Hypertube Support (Stackable, Wall Support, Wall Hole, Floor Hole). Tractor • Truck • Cyber Wagon • Explorer • Factory Cart (Golden) • Truck Station • Drone Port • Drone.
Electric Locomotive • Freight Car • Train Station • Freight Platform (Fluid) • Empty Platform (With Catwalk) • Railway (Railroad Switch Control) • Train Signals (Block • Path).
How do I fix a water damaged iPhone?
Frame Floor • Glass Frame Foundation • Frame Foundation • Frame Ramp • Inverted Frame Ramp • Frame Wall.
FICSIT (Flat, 1m, 2m, 4m) • Tar (Flat, 1m, 2m, 4m) • Metal (Flat, 1m, 2m, 4m) • Glass (Flat, 1m, 2m, 4m). Metal Beam • Painted Beam • Beam Connector (Double) • Beam Support.
Big Pillar (Support, Metal, Concrete, Frame) • Small Pillar (Support, Metal, Concrete, Frame). Modern Railing • Industrial Railing • Road Barrier • Stairs Left • Stairs Right • Ladder.
Catwalks (Straight, Turn, T-Crossing, Crossing, Ramp, Stairs). Walkways (Straight, Turn, T-Crossing, Crossing, Ramp). wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors.
How To Build a Small Water Wheel Electric Generator
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This article has been viewed 1,044,600 times. Water is essential to life. This technique is very useful when you are hunting to survive.
People can live up to a week without food, but only two to three days without water. Clean water can be hard to find if you get stranded in the wild or if there is an emergency.
If you have to find your own water supply, you must be able to strain out impurities that can make you sick. This article will tell you how to make a water filter.
Gather your supplies. You will be making a water filter that relies on layers to make dirty water clean.
If you plan on drinking this water, you will need to boil it after you have filtered it.XResearch source Here is a list of what you will need:Plastic bottle with a capCraft knifeHammer and nailCoffee filterLarge cup or mug (Either one works)Activated charcoalSandGravelContainer to catch the water (jar, cup, mug, etc).
XResearch source. Plastic bottle with a cap. Hammer and nail. Large cup or mug (Either one works). Activated charcoal. Container to catch the water (jar, cup, mug, etc).
Use a craft knife to cut the bottom inch (2.54 centimeters) or so off of the plastic bottle. Stick the knife into the side of the bottle, and start cutting it slowly.
Is my iPhone waterproof?
You may find that making short, back-and-forth cuts (like sawing) may be easier.If you are a child, ask an adult to help you with this stepAdd handle so that you can hang it while it filters the water.
Start by poking two holes near the cut edge of the bottle. Make the holes opposite of each other. Thread a piece of string through the two holes.
Tie the string in a knot. If you are a child, ask an adult to help you with this step.
Add handle so that you can hang it while it filters the water. Start by poking two holes near the cut edge of the bottle.
Make the holes opposite of each other. Thread a piece of string through the two holes. Tie the string in a knot. Use a hammer and nail to punch a hole in the cap.
The hole will help slow down the flow of water and make the filter more effective. If you don't have a hammer or nail, use a craft knife to stab an X shape into the bottle cap.
Put the coffee filter over the mouth of the bottle and tighten the cap over it. The coffee filter will keep the activated charcoal inside the bottle and keep it from falling out.
The cap will hold the coffee filter in place. Put the bottle cap-side-down into a mug or cup. This will help keep the bottle steady while you fill it. If you don't have a cup or mug, then you can place the bottle down on a table.
You will need to hold it steady with one hand. Fill the bottom third of the bottle with activated charcoal. If the charcoal comes in large pieces, you will need to break them down into smaller pieces.