Egyptian Pyramids For Kids Printable

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This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!Sign Me Up. When we say pyramids, the Giza Pyramids are the ones that always come into mind. But, these amazing manmade infrastructures aren’t just found in Egypt.

History Lessons for Kids

Know more about the pyramids with the facts below. Thousands of these structures are found around the world. There are over 130 in Egypt; Sudan has twice more and there are several similar structures in other places in the Middle East and China.

The Great Pyramid at Giza is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Number-wise, the Americas have the most pyramids than all these places. The pyramids are literally tombs for Egypt’s royals and their families. Early Egyptians believed that their pharaohs were chosen by their gods to serve as mediators for them. When a pharaoh died, they believed that he turned into Osiris, the Egyptian god of the dead.

So, it was very important to keep his majesty intact even in the afterlife. They also believed that if their king died, a portion of his spirit [ka] remained in his body so his corpse was mummified to properly take care of that spirit. He was then buried with all his gold vessels, his riches, food, furniture and other offerings as they believed these would help him live comfortably in the afterlife.

His family and even his priests were buried near him.

Early Egyptian pyramids were “stepped pyramids” that had mastabas or steps. The most known stepped [mastabas] pyramid, recognized as the oldest Egyptian pyramid, is found in Saqqara, Egypt. It was built in 2630 BC for the third king of the Dynastic Era, King Djoser.

Now known as the Step Pyramid, its chief architect was Imhotep, the king’s priest and healer.

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Some 1,400 years later, he was worshipped as a god of medicine in the Greco-Roman culture. Most Egyptian pyramids were all built on the west bank of the river Nile where the sun sets. In Egyptian mythology, the setting sun was connected with the realm of the dead. Pharaoh Sneferu, the first king of the fourth dynasty [2613-2589 B.C.], was the first one to build a smooth-sided pyramid.

Dubbed the First True Pyramid, Sneferu’s pyramid is now known as the Red Pyramid at Dashur.

It was so named because the color of the limestone blocks used to build its core is red. The smooth and angled sides of the pyramids represent the rays of the sun. Accordingly, these smooth sides made the dead Pharaoh’s ascend to the heavens to join their gods, most specifically the Egyptian sun god Ra, easier.

Sneferu was the father of Khufu, the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Khufu was the 2nd of the eight kings of the fourth dynasty. And though the grandeur of his tomb, the Great Pyramid of Giza, is known all over the world, little is known about his 23-year reign in Egypt. The Pyramids of Giza are part of the Giza Necropolis. Along with the three well-known structures, the Giza Necropolis is comprised of The Sphinx, smaller pyramids that are tombs of the members of the royal family as well as mastabas [step pyramids] where the pharaohs’ relatives and officials were buried to aid them in the afterlife.

The necropolis is located on Nile’s west bank just near modern-day Cairo.

The largest and the oldest pyramid in the Giza Necropolis is the Great Pyramid of Giza which was built for Khufu [Cheops in Greek]. With its original height at 481.4 feet [147 meters], it is the largest pyramid in the world. The middle pyramid of the Giza triad was the pyramid built for Khafre, Khufu’s son and successor.