Doing a clean install of Windows 10 is perhaps the best method to upgrade to the latest version, as it allows you to wipe clean the hard drive to start from scratch with a fresh copy of Windows 10 without apps, configurations, or files that may be affecting performance in your current installation.
It’s a process particularly useful if you’re upgrading from a previous version, such as from Windows 8.1 or Windows 7. You have been using the same Windows 10 installation for a long time, and you’re experiencing issues. Or if you’ve purchased a new device that it came preloaded with an image from a manufacturer loads a bunch of bloatware that you don’t need. In this guide, you’ll learn the steps to prepare your device and perform clean installation of Windows 10.
Before jumping into the clean install process there are a few things you need to do, including downloading the installation files, make a backup in case things go wrong, download drivers, and make sure your device can start from the bootable drive.
There is a few ways you can get the installation files to install Windows 10. You can the Media Creation Tool, or you can use this workaround to get the Windows 10 ISO file without the tool. Before even thinking on making a clean installation of Windows 10 in your primary computer, it’s highly recommended that you create a full system backup of the current installation, or at least that you make a backup of all your important documents, as performing an installation from scratch will result on completely data lost.
Before you begin
Although, the most recent version of Windows can automatically detect and install most of the device drivers for your PC.
It’s still a good idea to download the correct drivers from your PC manufacturer’s website before the installation. Sometimes the drivers you download directly from your OEM are more up to date than the ones offered via Windows Update, and they can offer better performance.
The following list has some links to the most popular PC manufacturer’s support websites:. Also you need to make sure that your computer’s BIOS is configured correctly to boot from a USB or DVD drive depending on your installation method. Typically, you will see a screen with the instructions on how to access the BIOS at boot.
Once in the BIOS, look for the Boot section and make sure the boot order is set to the drive that contains the Windows 10 installation files, and do not forget to save the configuration. If you have a Windows 8.1 PC using an UEFI BIOS, go to PC Settings, navigate to Update and recovery > Recovery and in Advanced Startup, click Restart now. Once the boot menu appears, to to Troubleshoot > Advanced options >UEFI Firmware Settings, and click Restart. After creating the USB bootable media, you can proceed to install Windows 10.
Start your PC with the Windows 10 installation media. Press any key to begin the installation. Click Install now. Enter the product key to install Windows 10, or click the Skip button if you’re reinstalling. After the installation Windows 10 will activate automatically. Click on “I accept the license terms”. Select the option “Custom: Install Windows only (advanced)”.
This is the option that allows you to clean install Windows 10 on your computer.
- Select each partition in the hard drive that you want to install Windows 10 and click the Delete button. Usually, the “Drive 0” is the drive that contains all the installation files.
- Warning: Remember that deleting a partition also deletes all data within. Also, it’s not necessary to delete the partitions from a secondary hard drive.
Select the hard drive (Drive 0 Unallocated Space) to install Windows 10. Click Next to begin the installation. In the out-of-the-box experience that appears after the installation. Select your current region. Select your keyboard layout. If you’re not setting a second keyboard layout click Skip. If your device is using an Ethernet connection, it’ll be connected to the network automatically.
If you’re using a wireless connection, you’ll need to set up the connection manually. Select the Set up for personal use option. Type your Microsoft account email, phone, or Skype identification.
Or click the Offline account link at the bottom left corner to create a local account. Type your Microsoft account password. You can always set up at a PIN password at a later time. Click the Do this later link in the bottom left corner of the screen.
If not simply, click Next. You can always configure this feature later in the Settings app. Click Yes to enable Cortana on your device.
If you want to use the “Hey Cortana” feature, also check the Respond when I say “Hey Cortana” option. Select your privacy settings that best suits your needs.
Windows will finalize configuring your settings and synchronizing any information from your Microsoft account. Default apps will install, and then you’ll be presented with the new Windows 10 desktop. Although the clean installation process hasn’t changed much, the out-of-box-experience (OOBE) process has been updated.
In the video below, you can see the steps finish setting up your device with the new update. Once everything is installed and configured correctly, reinstall all your previous app, and restore your files from backup.
More importantly don’t forget to go to Settings > Update & security > Windows Update and check for all the latest updates and drivers. If you don’t have a product key, you can get one using the following links:. Please be sure to follow me on Twitter @adacosta for the latest tips, tricks and updates in the world of Windows 10.
Technical Level : Intermediate Summary If you have installed a recent release of Windows in the past 5 years, you pretty much know what it will be like to install Windows 10.
In this article, we take a look at performing a clean install. This includes starting a clean install from within a running version of Windows or a hard disk/SSD with no previous Windows installations. Perform a clean install by booting from install media (DVD or USB thumb drive).
How to perform a clean install of Windows 10
Perform a clean install using Reset in Windows 10 or Windows 10 Refresh Tools (Start Fresh). Perform a clean install from within a running version of Windows 7, Windows 8/8.1 or Windows 10. Previously, Windows 7, Windows 8.0 and Windows 8.1 users needed to have either of those versions of Windows installed and activated in order to qualify for the free upgrade offer.
Starting with versions Windows 10 1511 or later, users no longer have to go through this process. What is the Digital Entitlement or Digital License? When you upgrade from a previous version of Windows, what happens is the hardware, (your PC), will get a digital license.
This is a unique signature of the computer which is stored on Microsoft Activation Servers. The Windows 7 or Windows 8 genuine license you were previously running will be exchanged for a diagnostics product key.
Anytime you need to reinstall Windows 10 on that machine, just proceed to reinstall Windows 10. It will automatically reactivate. The only exception where this applies is dependent on the license you upgraded from.
If you change your motherboard and originally you upgraded from a Windows 7 OEM or Windows 8 OEM license, then your Digital Entitlement will be invalidated. You will need to purchase a new full version license. So, there is no need to know or get a product key, if you need to reinstall Windows 10, you can use your Windows 7 or Windows 8 product key or use the reset function in Windows 10. Learn more: How to install and activate Windows 10 using your Windows 7 or Windows 8 product key.
Perform a Clean Install on an Empty Hard Disk/SSD or Reinstall by Booting from Install Media (DVD or USB Thumb Drive) . Once you have your Windows 10 installation media ready, all you need to do is boot from the disc or USB thumb drive to begin setup.
Image Credit: Brett Morrison on Flickr