The Pyramids of Giza are one of Egypt's top attractions. Located in the Giza Necropolis, the pyramids are part of a cluster of ancient monuments that include the Great Pyramid, the Great Sphinx, and more.
For thousands of years, they were the tallest man-made structures in the world.
Today, they are both a UNESCO Heritage Site and one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Here are 12 facts on the Pyramids of Giza that you cannot miss. Arabic Name: Ahramat Al-Jizah. Location: Giza Necropolis, Al Haram, Giza Governorate, Egypt.
Built by: The ancient Egyptian kings of the 4th dynasty - Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. Year of Completion: Khufu (2600 BC), Khafre (2570 BC), Menkaure (2510 BC).
How to Build a Pyramid
- Height: Khufu (451.4 feet or 138 meters), Khafre (448 feet or 136 meters), Menkaure (203 feet or 62 m). Visitors per year: Around 14.7 million visitors every year. Book Pyramids of Giza Tickets.
- Many pictures make it look like the Pyramids of Giza are located in the middle of the desert, but, that isn’t the case. They sit on the Giza Plateau, on the eastern outskirts of the town of Giza which is the third-largest city in Egypt and is located on the western bank of the river Nile.
- The Pyramids of Giza are the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and also the only one that still remains today. These wonders once included the Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, and the Statue of Zeus at Olympia. While the Pyramids of Giza are famous, they are not the only pyramids to visit in Egypt.
- There are over 130 other pyramids to discover in Egypt. In fact, just on the Giza Plateau, you will find a total of nine pyramids. Others include the Bent Pyramid, the Red Pyramid, the Pyramid of Unas, and so on.
- Although the Pyramids of Giza are very old, they were not the first to be built. It is believed that the Step Pyramid of Dsojer in Saqqara, built around 2630 BC is the oldest pyramid in the world. The Great Pyramid of Giza was constructed around 2560 BC, which is 70 years after the Pyramid of Dsojer.
- Over the years, the Pyramids of Giza have been looted several times, like many other royal tombs. Since it was known that the pharaohs were buried with gold and jewels, grave robbing was quite common in ancient Egypt.
- As a result, it’s believed that the pyramids were looted within 500 years of being completed and sealed. The sides and base of the Great Pyramid of Khufu are also aligned to the four cardinal directions (North, South, East, and West). We don’t quite know how the ancient Egyptians achieved this level of accuracy, but it is possible that they based this on the sun and the stars.
- Discoveries made at the Giza worker’s village show that a permanent workforce of about 20,000-40,000 people helped build the Pyramids of Giza. This included engineers, architects, builders, stonemasons, laborers, and more. Most of them lived nearby and worked hard to build the pyramid for daily wages and food.
- Over 2.3 million blocks of stone were used in the construction of the Great Pyramid of Khufu.
- This included 5.5 million tonnes of limestone and 8,000 tonnes of granite Each stone weighed around 25 to 80 tonnes and they were either quarried at Giza or transported by boat from far away sites like Tura and Aswan.
The three Pyramids of Giza were once covered with a white polished limestone casing that would reflect the sun’s rays.
However, over the years, these limestone casings have disappeared due to earthquakes or being used to build other structures.