|Kamen Rider V3|
|Created by||Shotaro Ishinomori|
|Developed by||Masaru Igami|
|Directed by||Minoru Yamada|
|Narrated by||Shinji Nakae|
|Country of origin||Japan|
|No. of episodes||52|
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Original network||MBS TV|
|Original release||February 17, 1973 –|
February 9, 1974
|Preceded by||Kamen Rider|
|Followed by||Kamen Rider X|
A statue of Kamen Rider 1 outside of Bandai Corporate Headquarters in Taitō, Tokyo. Kamen Rider (Japanese: 仮面ライダーシリーズ, Hepburn: Kamen Raidā Shirīzu, translated as "Masked Rider Series"), also known as Masked Rider, is a Japanese media franchise consisting of tokusatsu television programs, films, and manga, created by manga artist Shotaro Ishinomori.
Kamen Rider media generally features a motorcycle-riding superhero with an insect motif who fights supervillains, often known as kaijin (怪人, mystery people). The franchise began in 1971 with the Kamen Rider television series, which followed college student Takeshi Hongo and his quest to defeat the world-conquering Shocker organization.
The original series spawned television and film sequels and launched the Second Kaiju Boom (also known as the Henshin Boom) on Japanese television during the early 1970s, impacting the superhero and action-adventure genres in Japan.. Bandai owns the toy rights to Kamen Rider Japan (and some Asia regions). Bluefin Distribution, a subsidiary of Bandai Namco, distributes Kamen Rider merchandise in North America.. The Kamen Rider franchise primarily revolving around the eponymous Kamen Rider, a superpowered vigilante who mostly resembles a grasshopper and rides a motorcycle, and their one-man war against an ever-larger malevolent force, usually a terrorist organization bent on world domination. A common running theme in the franchise is that the Rider's power derived from the same source and technology used by malevolent forces, thus forming a moral vow for the protagonists to use this power to fight against evil.
Adaptations outside Japan
- Similar to its counterpart, each series focuses on a different Rider, a new set of characters and a different story set in its own universe, though there been multiple instances of past characters from previous Kamen Rider series crossing over to team up against a common foe. The Kamen Rider (Japanese: 仮面ライダー, Hepburn: Kamen Raidā, translated as "Masked Rider"), also known as simply Rider (ライダー, Raidā), is a collective name referring to the eponymous heroes and numerous individuals of the series. Usually resembling a grasshopper-themed masked superhero or a similarly-looking vigilante in spandex, the Riders are enhanced humans with superhuman strength, resilience and agility, specifically modified to fight an entire army.
- Originally created by the terrorist organization known as "Shocker" as a means of creating super-soldiers, one of these potential soldiers, biochemistry lab student and motorcycle enthusiast Takeshi Hongo, escaped from captivity and has since been fighting against Shocker, often recruiting similar individuals to fight alongside him. Every Rider has a selection of powerful finishing moves, either accessible through their respective Rider Weapons and/or through other forms, though the most commonly-used finishing attack is the Rider Kick (ライダーキック, Raidā Kikku), a dive kick capable of destroying most enemies in a single strike by infusing it with such strength that it causes the opponent to violently explode.
- Produced by Toru Hirayama (平山 亨, Hirayama Tōru) and designed by Shotaro Ishinomori (creator of Cyborg 009), Kamen Rider premiered on April 3, 1971 initially intended as an adaptation of Ishinomori's Skull Man.
- He and Hirayama redesigned the main character to resemble a grasshopper. The hero Takeshi Hongo/Kamen Rider, played by actor and stuntman Hiroshi Fujioka, was described as a transformed human (改造人間, kaizō ningen) (cyborg). During the filming of episode 10, Fujioka was thrown from his motorcycle during a stunt and broke both legs.
- His character was temporarily phased out until the introduction of another transformed human, Hayato Ichimonji/Kamen Rider 2 (played by Takeshi Sasaki) was introduced in episode 14.
- Hongo (Fujioka) was reintroduced in episode 40, and by episode 53, had fully replaced Ichimonji's character until the two were united in episodes 72, 73, 93, 94 - and series finale - episode 98. The series from April 1971 to January 1976 (Kamen Rider, V3, X, Amazon, Stronger) included a recurring mentor, Tobei Tachibana.
- After a four-year hiatus following the finale of Kamen Rider Stronger, the series returned to broadcast television in October 1979 for two years with The New Kamen Rider (featuring Skyrider) and Kamen Rider Super-1.
In these shows, Tachibana was replaced by a similar character named Genjiro Tani (谷 源次郎, Tani Genjirō). The annual new shows ended briefly during the 1980s, punctuated by the 1984 Kamen Rider ZX special Birth of the 10th! Kamen Riders All Together!! (Hirayama's last project for the franchise).. Kamen Rider Black premiered in 1987, the first series not hinting at a relationship to its predecessors. Black was the first show in the franchise with a direct sequel: Kamen Rider Black RX, the basis of Saban's Americanized Masked Rider. In RX's finale, the ten previous Riders returned to help Black RX defeat the Crisis Empire. Kamen Rider Black RX was the final show produced during the Shōwa era, with the franchise resuming production by the end of the 20th century. A manga of Kamen Rider Black was a novelization and reimagination of the Black-RX series' continuity. Absent from television during the 1990s, the franchise was kept alive by stage shows, musical CDs, and the Shin, ZO, and J films..
- Toei announced a new project, Kamen Rider Kuuga, in May 1999. Kuuga was part of Ishinomori's 1997 Kamen Rider revival in preparation for its 30th anniversary, but he died before the shows materialized. During the summer of 1999, Kuuga was promoted in magazine advertisements and TV commercials. On January 30, 2000, Kamen Rider Kuuga premiered with newcomer Joe Odagiri. Following Kuuga's 2001 sequel Kamen Rider Agito, the series deviated into a series of unconnected stories starting from Kamen Rider Ryuki in 2002 to Kamen Rider Kabuto in 2006. In 2005, Kamen Rider: The First was produced. Written by Toshiki Inoue, the film reimagines the manga and original television series and characters from the original series had their storylines altered to fit the film's time span. Masaya Kikawada played Takeshi Hongo/Kamen Rider 1 and Hassei Takano (previously Miyuki Tezuka/Kamen Rider Raia in Kamen Rider Ryuki) was Hayato Ichimonji/Kamen Rider 2.
- This was followed in 2007 by Kamen Rider The Next, an adaptation of Kamen Rider V3 starring Kazuki Kato (previously Daisuke Kazama/Kamen Rider Drake in Kamen Rider Kabuto) as Shiro Kazami/Kamen Rider V3 and with Kikawada and Takano reprising their roles.. The eighth series, Kamen Rider Den-O, followed in 2007. It differed from past Kamen Rider series with the main protagonist being unsure of himself and uses a large vehicle, the DenLiner: a time traveling bullet train. Although the series has only two riders (Den-O and Zeronos), they have multiple forms similar to Black RX, Kuuga, and Agito.
- Due to Den-O's popularity, a second film crossover with the 2008 series Kamen Rider Kiva was released on April 12, 2008. The top film in its opening weekend, it grossed ¥730 million. In addition, Animate produced an OVA, Imagin Anime, with SD versions of the Imagin. A third film, Saraba Kamen Rider Den-O: Final Countdown (with two new riders) serves as a series epilogue. According to Takeru Satoh, who played the titular protagonist in the television series and first three films, Den-O was successful because of its humor.. The 2009 series, Kamen Rider Decade, commemorated the Heisei run's 10th anniversary with its protagonist able to assume the forms of his predecessors.
- Japanese recording artist Gackt performed the series' opening theme, "Journey through the Decade", and the film's theme song ("The Next Decade") and jokingly expressed interest in playing a villain on the show. Also announced in 2009 was a fourth Den-O film (later revealed as the beginning of the Cho-Den-O Series of films), starting with Cho Kamen Rider Den-O & Decade Neo Generations: The Onigashima Warship. In the March 2009 issue of Kindai magazine, Decade star Masahiro Inoue said that the series was scheduled for only 30 episodes..
- Advertisements in May, June, and July 2009 promoted the debut of Kamen Rider W, who first appeared at the 10th-anniversary Masked Rider Live event and was featured in Kamen Rider Decade: All Riders vs. The staff of W said that they planned to make 10 more years of Kamen Rider, differentiating subsequent series from the Kuuga through Decade period (including a new broadcast season from September of one year to about August of the next). The hero of Kamen Rider W is the first Kamen Rider to transform from two people at once, and the series premiered on September 6, 2009. Continuing into 2010 with Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider W & Decade: Movie War 2010, W ran from September 2009 to September 2010 instead of from January to January.
- The second, third, and fourth films of the Cho-Den-O series, collectively known as Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider The Movie: Cho-Den-O Trilogy, were also released in 2010. Late 2010 brought the series Kamen Rider OOO to television after W's finale, and 2011 observed the 40th anniversary of the franchise.
- Festivities that year included the Kamen Rider Girlsidol group, the film OOO, Den-O, All Riders: Let's Go Kamen Riders (released on April 1) and OOO's successor, Kamen Rider Fourze, which references the previous heroes in its characters' names and its plot.
- A crossover film, Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Super Hero Taisen, was released in 2012 featuring the heroes of all Kamen Rider and Super Sentai series to date..
- With Fourze's run complete in 2012, Kamen Rider Wizard premiered; its protagonist was the first Kamen Rider to use magic.Wizard additionally had the first homosexual character and cast member with Kaba-chan.Kamen Rider × Super Sentai × Space Sheriff: Super Hero Taisen Z, a sequel to 2012's Super Hero Taisen with the revived Metal Hero Series characters from Space Sheriff Gavan: The Movie and other characters created by Shotaro Ishinomori appearing in Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider Wizard & Fourze: Movie War Ultimatum, was released in 2013..
- On May 20, 2013, Toei filed for several trademarks on the phrase Kamen Raidā Gaimu (仮面ライダー鎧武（ガイム）).Kamen Rider Gaim previewed on July 25, 2013, revealing a Sengoku period and fruit-themed motif to the series' multiple-rival Kamen Riders and Gen Urobuchi as the series' main writer. The third entry in the Super Hero Taisen film series, Heisei Rider vs.
- Shōwa Rider: Kamen Rider Taisen feat.
- Super Sentai, marked the 15th anniversary of the Heisei Kamen Rider era and revolved around a conflict between the 15 Heisei Riders and the 15 Showa Riders with Kamen Rider Fifteen, and a cameo appearance by the ToQgers and the Kyoryugers.
- It also marked the start of a yearly Haruyasumi Gattai Supesharu (春休み合体スペシャル, Spring Break Combined Special) involving each year's Kamen Rider teaming up with the current Super Sentai team in a story tying into that year's entry in the Super Hero Taisen movie series.
- Gaim was followed in 2014 by Kamen Rider Drive, the first Kamen Rider since Kamen Rider Black RX (who also used a motorcycle), to use a car instead of a motorcycle. The fourth Super Hero Taisen, Super Hero Taisen GP, marks Kamen Rider 3's first live-action appearance after the Showa Kamen Rider manga.
- Kamen Rider Ghost was introduced in 2015. In 2016 the Kamen Rider series celebrated its 45th anniversary, and Toei released the film Kamen Rider 1 on March 26, 2016.Kamen Rider Ex-Aid was introduced in 2016 and was the first Rider series to have a character, Kiriya Kujo, portray the main Rider's motorcycle.
- A Movie War film known as Kamen Rider Heisei Generations: Dr. Ex-Aid & Ghost with Legend Rider was announced for December 10, 2016, featuring Bandai Namco Entertainment's original character created by Namco prior to merging with Bandai in 2006, Pac-Man.
- Following up Ex-Aid's finale, Kamen Rider Build premiered on September 3, 2017. The twentieth and last series of the Heisei era, Kamen Rider Zi-O, which commemorates the 20th anniversary of the Heisei era, premiered on September 2, 2018.
- On December 22, 2018, a film commemorating all the Riders of the Heisei Era titled Kamen Rider Heisei Generations Forever premiered in Japanese theaters.
- On May 13, 2019, Toei filed a trademark on the phrase Kamen Rider Zero-One (仮面ライダーゼロワン, Kamen Raidā Zerowan), which premiered on September 1, 2019. It is followed up by Kamen Rider Saber (仮面ライダーセイバー/聖刃, Kamen Raidā Seibā) on September 6, 2020, It is followed by Kamen Rider Revice (仮面ライダーリバイス, Kamen Raidā Ribaisu) on September 5, 2021.
- In commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Kamen Rider series, Neon Genesis Evangelion director Hideaki Anno was announced as the writer and director of Shin Kamen Rider (シン・仮面ライダー, Shin Kamen Raidā), a reimagining of the original 1971 series.
- It is planned for release in 2023.. A 205 series train on the Senseki Line with Kamen Rider and other Shotaro Ishinomori character livery.
- The Senseki Line has a terminal in Ishinomori's hometown of Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture. The following is a list of the Kamen Rider series and their broadcast years:.
- Kamen Rider (1971–1973) first series to premiere in the Showa period. Kamen Rider V3 (1973–1974).
- Kamen Rider X (February–October 1974). Kamen Rider Amazon (1974–1975). Kamen Rider Stronger (April–December 1975).
- Kamen Rider Skyrider (1979–1980). Kamen Rider Super-1 (1980–1981). Kamen Rider Black (1987–1988).
- Kamen Rider Black RX (1988–1989); last series to be broadcast during the Showa period. It was adapted into Saban's Masked Rider in America.
- Kamen Rider Kuuga (2000–2001); first series to be broadcast in the Heisei period. Kamen Rider Agito (2001–2002).
- Kamen Rider Ryuki (2002–2003) It was adapted into Kamen Rider: Dragon Knight in America. Kamen Rider 555 (2003–2004).
- Kamen Rider Blade (2004–2005). Kamen Rider Hibiki (2005–2006). Kamen Rider Kabuto (2006–2007).
- Kamen Rider Den-O (2007–2008). Kamen Rider Kiva (2008–2009). Kamen Rider Decade (January–August 2009).
- Kamen Rider W (2009–2010). Kamen Rider OOO (2010–2011). Kamen Rider Fourze (2011–2012). Kamen Rider Wizard (2012–2013).
- Kamen Rider Gaim (2013–2014). Kamen Rider Drive (2014–2015). Kamen Rider Ghost (2015–2016).
- Kamen Rider Ex-Aid (2016–2017). Kamen Rider Build (2017–2018). Kamen Rider Zi-O (2018–2019); last series to premiere in the Heisei period.
- Kamen Rider Zero-One (2019-2020); first series to premiere in the Reiwa period. A series of TV specials containing pre-recorded footage was aired from May 17 to June 14, 2020 while production of new episodes was suspended due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Kamen Rider Saber (2020–2021). Kamen Rider Revice (2021–2022). 1976: All Together! Seven Kamen Riders.
- 1979: Immortal Kamen Rider Special. 1984: Birth of the 10th! Kamen Riders All Together!! 1987: This Is Kamen Rider Black.
- 1988: Kamen Rider 1 through RX: Big Gathering. 1993: Ultraman vs. Kamen Rider (Co-production with Tsuburaya Productions).
- 2000: Kamen Rider Kuuga: First Dream Of The New Year. 2001: Kamen Rider Agito Special: Another New Transformation. 2002: Kamen Rider Ryuki Special: 13 Riders.
- 2004: Kamen Rider Blade: New Generation. 2006: 35th Masked Rider Anniversary File. 2009: Kamen Rider G.
- 1971: Go Go Kamen Rider (Movie version of episode 13). 1972: Kamen Rider vs. 1972: Kamen Rider vs.
- Ambassador Hell. 1973: Kamen Rider V3 (Movie version of episode 2). 1973: Kamen Rider V3 vs. the Destron Monsters.
- 1974: Kamen Rider X (Movie version of episode 3). 1974: Kamen Rider X: Five Riders vs. 1975: Kamen Rider Amazon (Movie version of episode 16).
- 1975: Kamen Rider Stronger (Movie version of episode 7). 1980: Kamen Rider: Eight Riders vs. 1981: Kamen Rider Super-1.
- 1988: Kamen Rider Black: Hurry to Onigashima. 1988: Kamen Rider Black: Fear! Evil Monster Mansion. 1989: Kamen Rider: Stay in the World – 3D theme park special.
- 1992: Shin Kamen Rider: Prologue. 1993: Kamen Rider ZO. 1994: Kamen Rider J. 1994: Kamen Rider World – 3-D theme park special.
- 2001: Kamen Rider Agito: Project G4. 2002: Kamen Rider Ryuki: Episode Final. 2003: Kamen Rider 555: Paradise Lost.
- 2004: Kamen Rider Blade: Missing Ace. 2005: Kamen Rider Hibiki & The Seven Senki. 2005: Kamen Rider: The First.
- 2006: Kamen Rider Kabuto: God Speed Love. 2007: Kamen Rider Den-O: I'm Born! 2007: Kamen Rider: The Next. 2008: Kamen Rider Den-O & Kiva: Climax Deka.
- 2008: Kamen Rider Kiva: King of the Castle in the Demon World. 2008: Saraba Kamen Rider Den-O: Final Countdown.
- 2009: Cho Kamen Rider Den-O & Decade Neo Generations: The Onigashima Warship. 2009: Kamen Rider Decade: All Riders vs.
- 2009: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider W & Decade: Movie War 2010Kamen Rider Decade: The Last StoryKamen Rider W: Begins NightMovie War 2010.
- Kamen Rider Decade: The Last Story. Kamen Rider W: Begins Night. 2010: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider The Movie: Cho-Den-O TrilogyEpisode Red: Zero no Star TwinkleEpisode Blue: The Dispatched Imagin is NewtralEpisode Yellow: Treasure de End Pirates.
- Episode Red: Zero no Star Twinkle. Episode Blue: The Dispatched Imagin is Newtral. Episode Yellow: Treasure de End Pirates.
- 2010: Kamen Rider W Forever: A to Z/The Gaia Memories of Fate. 2010: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider OOO & W Featuring Skull: Movie War CoreKamen Rider Skull: Message for DoubleKamen Rider OOO: Nobunaga's DesireMovie War Core.
- Kamen Rider Skull: Message for Double. Kamen Rider OOO: Nobunaga's Desire.
- 2011: OOO, Den-O, All Riders: Let's Go Kamen Riders. 2011: Kamen Rider OOO Wonderful: The Shogun and the 21 Core Medals.
- 2011: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider Fourze & OOO: Movie War Mega MaxBeginning: Fight! Legendary Seven RidersKamen Rider OOO: Ankh's Resurrection, the Medals of the Future, and the Leading HopeFuto, The Conspiracy Advances: Gallant!
- Kamen Rider JokerKamen Rider Fourze: Nade-Shiko Ad-VentMovie War Mega Max: Gather! Warriors of Glory.
- Beginning: Fight! Legendary Seven Riders. Kamen Rider OOO: Ankh's Resurrection, the Medals of the Future, and the Leading Hope.
- Futo, The Conspiracy Advances: Gallant! Kamen Rider Joker. Kamen Rider Fourze: Nade-Shiko Ad-Vent. Movie War Mega Max: Gather!
- Warriors of Glory. 2012: Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Super Hero Taisen.
- 2012: Kamen Rider Fourze the Movie: Space, Here We Come! 2012: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider Wizard & Fourze: Movie War UltimatumKamen Rider FourzeKamen Rider WizardMovie War Ultimatum.
- Kamen Rider Fourze. Kamen Rider Wizard. Movie War Ultimatum. 2013: Kamen Rider × Super Sentai × Space Sheriff: Super Hero Taisen Z.
Homages and parodies
- 2013: Kamen Rider Wizard in Magic Land. 2013: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider Gaim & Wizard: The Fateful Sengoku Movie BattleKamen Rider Wizard: The Promised PlaceKamen Rider Gaim: Sengoku Battle Royale.
Kamen Rider Wizard: The Promised Place. Kamen Rider Gaim: Sengoku Battle Royale. 2014: Kamen Rider × Super Sentai × Space Sheriff: Super Hero Taisen Z. 2014: Heisei Riders vs. Shōwa Riders: Kamen Rider Taisen feat. 2014: Kamen Rider Gaim: Great Soccer Battle! Golden Fruits Cup! 2014: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider Drive & Gaim: Movie War Full ThrottleKamen Rider Gaim: The Advancing Last StageKamen Rider Drive: A Challenge from LupinMovie War Full Throttle.
- Kamen Rider Gaim: The Advancing Last Stage.
Kamen Rider Drive: A Challenge from Lupin. Movie War Full Throttle. 2015: Super Hero Taisen GP: Kamen Rider 3. 2015: Kamen Rider Drive: Surprise Future. 2015: Kamen Rider × Kamen Rider Ghost & Drive: Super Movie War Genesis. 2016: Kamen Rider 1. 2016: Kamen Rider Ghost: The 100 Eyecons and Ghost's Fated Moment. 2016: Kamen Rider Heisei Generations: Dr.
Unofficial Thailand Adaptation
Ex-Aid & Ghost with Legend Riders. 2017: Kamen Rider × Super Sentai: Ultra Super Hero Taisen. 2017: Kamen Rider Ex-Aid the Movie: True Ending. 2017: Kamen Rider Heisei Generations Final: Build & Ex-Aid with Legend Rider. 2018: Kamen Rider Amazons the Movie: The Last Judgement.
- Chapter titles
- 2018: Kamen Rider Build the Movie: Be the One.
- 2018: Kamen Rider Heisei Generations Forever.
- 2019: Kamen Rider Zi-O the Movie: Over Quartzer.
- 2019: Kamen Rider Reiwa The First Generation.
Hyper Battle videos
2020: Kamen Rider Zero-One the Movie: Real×Time. 2020: Kamen Rider Saber Theatrical Short Story: The Phoenix Swordsman and the Book of Ruin.
2021: Saber + Zenkaiger: Super Hero Senki. 2021: Kamen Rider Revice (short film). 2021: Kamen Rider Beyond Generations. 2023: Shin Kamen Rider. Direct-to-video releases, films focusing on secondary riders and storylines, began appearing during the franchise's Heisei era.
- Hyper Battle Videos are episodes included with Televi-Kun magazine.
- 1992: Shin Kamen Rider: Prologue.
- 1993: Kamen Rider SD – Only anime adaptation.
- 2011: Kamen Rider W ReturnsKamen Rider Accel ChapterKamen Rider Eternal Chapter.
- Kamen Rider Accel Chapter. Kamen Rider Eternal Chapter. 2015: Kamen Rider Gaim GaidenFirst PartKamen Rider Zangetsu ChapterKamen Rider Baron ChapterSecond PartKamen Rider Duke ChapterKamen Rider Knuckle ChapterThird PartKamen Rider Zangetsu Chapter (Stage Show 2019)Kamen Rider Gridon VS Kamen Rider Bravo Chapter (2 Special 2020).
- First PartKamen Rider Zangetsu ChapterKamen Rider Baron Chapter.
- Kamen Rider Zangetsu Chapter.
- Kamen Rider Baron Chapter. Second PartKamen Rider Duke ChapterKamen Rider Knuckle Chapter.
- Kamen Rider Duke Chapter.
- Kamen Rider Knuckle Chapter.
- Third PartKamen Rider Zangetsu Chapter (Stage Show 2019)Kamen Rider Gridon VS Kamen Rider Bravo Chapter (2 Special 2020).
- Kamen Rider Zangetsu Chapter (Stage Show 2019).
- Opening theme
- Kamen Rider Gridon VS Kamen Rider Bravo Chapter (2 Special 2020). 2016: Kamen Rider Drive SagaFirst PartKamen Rider Chaser ChapterSecond PartKamen Rider Heart ChapterKamen Rider Mach ChapterThird PartKamen Rider Brain Chapter (2 Special 2019).
- Ending themes
- Kamen Rider Heart Chapter. Kamen Rider Mach Chapter. Third PartKamen Rider Brain Chapter (2 Special 2019). Kamen Rider Brain Chapter (2 Special 2019). 2017: Kamen Rider Ghost Re-Birth: Kamen Rider Specter. 2018: Kamen Rider Ex-Aid Trilogy: Another EndingBrave & Snipe ChapterPara-DX with Poppy ChapterGenm vs.
- 2020: Kamen Rider Zi-O Next TimeFirst PartKamen Rider Geiz Majesty ChapterSecond PartKamen Rider Woz Prosperity Chapter. First PartKamen Rider Geiz Majesty Chapter. Kamen Rider Geiz Majesty Chapter.