Nextjs Gatsby

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The debate regarding the pros and cons of various frameworks and libraries has taken its footing among the developers. The average web developer uses these developmental tools daily to code everything from simple to complex functionalities. Technologies such as Jekyll, Hugo, Gatsby.JS, and Next.JS are usually used to power sophisticated websites that are looking to improve their speed to secure a better ranking. Since Gatsby.JS and Next.JS are at the forefront of these technologies, the debate surrounding them is more nuanced than the rest.

To participate in this debate and exhaustively understand the comparison, you need to develop a fundamental understanding of both frameworks.

When to Use Gatsby and Next.js

Read on to find out more about them. Gatsby JS: Next JS: Gatsby.JS is typically used to build a website that generates static HTML in advance, which can subsequently be stored on CDNs (Content Delivery Network) across the globe to facilitate quicker access.

Gatsby.JS combines the best portions of GraphQL, React, and react-router to yield a static site generator that is increasingly developer-friendly. From another perspective, Gatsby can also be visualized as a modern front-end framework that allows for extremely fast page-loads.

It does so by using features such as data prefetching, asset optimization, server-side rendering, and code splitting, among many others. Gatsby is mostly used for building those websites where the number of pages is predictable, and the content mostly remains static.

Static Assets and Compiled Output

While using the Gatsby ecosystem, a developer has the luxury of choosing more than one way to build a website. This is because of the extensive presence of easily adjustable plugins, themes, and starters in the framework. Gatsby plugins are capable of extending and modifying almost everything that Gatsby does.

Also, Gatsby JS has more starting themes and templates than any other Framework. Additionally, it offers support from various REST APIs, GraphQL, CMS systems, and databases. Websites built using Gatsby are at least 2–3 times faster than other similar kinds of sites in the fray.

Once the developer has created the source code, Gatsby takes care of the rest by compiling the most efficient Webpack configuration to build the website. It sticks to Google’s PRPL (Push, Render, Pre-cache, Lazy-load) architectural pattern, which boosts a website's performance on mobile devices.

Gatsby.JS allows no scope of direct connection to the database, user data, dependencies, and other sensitive information.

  • This ensures that your website is more secure than the other regular websites of your competition. Gatsby allows you to grow your margin by cutting the costs of hosting and updates.
  • Due to the presence of themes, plugins, and starters in its ecosystem, developing a fully working Gatsby JS application is a matter of minutes.
  • Next.JS is employed primarily to build server-side rendered websites which generate the HTML dynamically through a server during every instance of receiving a new request.
  • On the other hand, it also supports static page generation, CDN caching, and all the benefits of static page generation. Hence, Next.JS is considered the ideal tool for setting up dynamic websites with healthy interactions with their server.


The process uses features such as Single File components, Automatic Code Splitting, Hot Code Reloading, and the like to enable developers to build attractive React Websites.

Gatsby vs Next.js – best of Jamstack

Usually, Next is leveraged when you need a website that supports both SSR and Static page optimization. Next JS offers more freedom of creating applications. It doesn’t package with unnecessary tools, and it doesn’t create assumptions on how you want to manage data.


It’s a great framework for building large-scale applications. Next.JS facilitates server-side rendering(SSR), which means that the HTML is rendered upon incoming client’s request. This basically means that the page can be dynamically created according to the data provided in the request. Static page generation.

Understand the differences, pros, and cons of these two amazing frameworks. Decide which one suits the best to your requirements.

Apart from SSR, Next JS fully supporting static page generation at the build time. It is intelligent enough only to load the CSS and Javascript required for a particular page. This increases the page’s performance and lets the user view the content page quicker.

Best use cases for Next JS

It offers developers the benefit of HMR (Hot Module Replacement). This allows them to see all the changes they have made during development — live in the application, at the very moment they have been carried out. It includes a host of ready-to-use components that fast-track the process of building the MVP (Minimum Viable Product).

Data Fetching

The fundamental difference lies in the fact that while Next requires a server for its functioning(in the case of enabling SSR features), Gatsby can run even in the absence of a server.

Similarities between Gatsby.js and Next.js

Next cangenerate HTML/JS/CSS at runtime, whereas Gatsby creates pure HTML/JS/CSS at build time. While Gatsby is a static site generator tool, Next is a hybrid tool for server-side rendered pages and a static sites generator.


When it comes to data handling, Next leaves the decision entirely up to the user. On the other hand, Gatsby tells the users how they should handle data in their app.

Read more

Since Gatsby is centered around easily adjustable plugins and offers an extensive suite of themes and templates, the process of developing a fully working application is faster in Gatsby than in Next.

Gatsby.js vs Next.js Face-to-face comparison

Gatsby.JS- Comparison Table — Listing categories with the biggest differences, Next.JS has other features Gatsby not supporting fully. Next JS “limited” support is viewed as a benefit since it’s providing developers with freedom of customization.

Updating package.json and dependencies

Both Next and Gatsby are extremely impressive frameworks, and users are advised to be mindful of their project requirements at the outset before they opt for either framework.

  • While Gatsby is the ideal choice for static websites, Next presents itself as the most logical option for server-side dynamic websites.
  • However, since Gatsby as a framework plays host to a wide offering of themes, plugins, and templates, developers looking to set up a fully operational application or website in minimal time usually prefer Gatsby over Next JS.
  • Choose for yourself.
  • Both of them are amazing!
  • Gatsby JS:
  • Next JS:

What is GatsbyJS?

Next.js debate remains a hot topic going into 2022. In this article, we will analyze the benefits of each framework and present use cases that will help you choose between the two.

  • GatsbyJS is a React-based, GraphQL powered frontend framework that generates static HTML in advance.
  • Gatsby is known for fast page loads through the use of features like static-site generation, asset optimization, data prefetching, and code splitting.
  • Gatsby fetches data and content through external APIs and structures the data in a predefined page template for pages to be rendered ahead of time to improve performance and core web vitals.
  • When you code and develop your website, Gatsby uses its power to transform it into a static HTML file.
  • This file is then hosted at your chosen provider, providing unbelievable speed and efficiency.
  • Next.js is a javascript framework used to build fast and user-friendly websites with the server-side rendering method.
  • The framework generates HTML dynamically through a server for each new request.

The Verdict

Next.js works by providing an out-of-the-box solution for the server-side rendering of react components. Developers can render javascript code at the server’s end while sending indexable HTML to the user.

Learn more

Next.js uses automatic code-splitting, code reloading, and single file components to help developers build attractive React websites.


Gatsby and Next.js are at the forefront of the Jamstack websites. Let’s discuss the benefits of using both from a developer’s point of view.

Similarities between Next.js and Gatsby.js

The plugins, starters, and themes available allow developers to build a website in several ways with Gatsby. The biggest advantage of using Gatsby is the rendering options provided by the framework.

The benefits of using Next.JS are listed below.

Static Site Generation (SSG): Gatsby is known for SSG. It consists of pre-rendered HTML, CSS, and javascript pages at build time.

Real-world use cases of Gatsby.js

SSG is best for runtime scalability and excellent user experience. Deferred Static Generation (DSG): With Deferred Static Generation, developers can choose which pages will be built when a user requests them.

Wrapping it up

Unlike SSG, this method requires the server to be running even after the initial build has been deployed. Server-Side Rendering (SSR): Server-Side-Rendering renders pages to the client only at runtime, indicating that the build process happens only when the page is requested.

Differences between Gatsby vs Next.js

Website visitors will see the updated version of the content they request. Gatsby offers built-in themes, plugins, and starters, which help to set up a fully functioning website in minutes. To get a better understanding of how plugins work, see what the Gatsby plugins for Contentful can do for a website running on both technologies.

The benefits of using Gatsby.JS

Next.js gives developers the freedom to create applications without worrying about any unnecessary tools, making it a great framework for setting up large-scale applications.

The Benefits of Using Gatsby or Next.js

One selling point for using Next.js is its responsiveness and flexibility to adapt to any screen size. It's fully omnichannel, making it possible for users to access it from their favorite devices.

What is Next.js?

Another selling point is the framework’s smooth development process. Developers get excited when they hear about the reusable component feature Next.js offers.


Not only does this reduce redundancy, but it also helps decrease development time. Next.js also has built-in CSS support and automatic image optimization, allowing developers to render out the website using minimum storage.

A comparative analysis of Next.js and Gatsby.js

Recently, Next.js introduced SSG, adding it to its list of rendering methods. Before that, Next.js was known as the frontend framework best for SSR webpage rendering.

  • Next.js debate will never be settled. That is because brands have different needs. Let's have a closer look at the use cases for both frontend frameworks.
  • Gatsby is more suitable to build static websites that generate HTML beforehand and the page template gets distracted on CDNs for fast recovery and performance.
  • A static website is a kind of webpage that is delivered to the user’s browser without any alteration.
  • It consists of a series of HTML files, and all these files represent the individual web pages of the website.
  • Typically, static websites have a frontend framework and a headless solution to power the website. Gatsby can be deployed by developers working on headless CMS as they have full control over the frontend development.

Since a headless CMS is frontend agonistic, the developers can make use of Gatsby to build the presentation layer of the website from scratch with available plugins and starters.

  • In this case, developers are better off choosing Gatsby over Next.js as it gives developers working with the CMS freedom to choose from the static design patterns they like and leave the functionality to be handled by headless CMS ecosystems.
  • If you'd like to learn more about the headless CMS migration process before choosing Gatsby, download our free implementation and guide on a successful headless migration. Next.js is commonly used for building websites that require hot reloading and server-side interaction.
  • If you are a developer working on a website that gets accessed by multiple users, Next.js would be an ideal choice for you. As these websites are being requested by multiple users at the same time, it becomes impossible to scale static websites during runtime.
  • Every time a user pings the website, the build time taken by the server makes Gatsby a bad choice to be used in this scenario. With these types of websites, dynamic allocation and rendering are required for users to access different functionalities at the same time.

Getting Started

This is where Next.js comes in. With server-side rendering, Next.js caters to different users that have logged into the website. Although Next.js is primarily for developing dynamic websites that cater to multiple users at a time, the framework can still generate static websites.

For that, developers need Node installed with npm and need a terminal available to run the static build commands. Both Gatsby and Next.js are extremely useful for developing impressive websites.

  1. Before choosing a framework, stakeholders and developers must know the project requirements to suggest the best framework for the greatest return on investment.
  2. We hope this article helps you weigh the options when building a new static website.
  3. React frameworks are software platforms that extend the capabilities of React web applications.
  4. Certain functionality needed in most blogs and websites (page routing and image optimization for example) don’t come packaged as part of the Create React app; they require libraries and complicated configuration to implement.
  5. Frameworks like Gatsby.js and Next.js include this functionality as defaults, enabling React developers to easily build full sites without much upfront configuration.
  6. Additionally, since their individual parts were optimized to work together (vs.
  7. installing libraries that came from different places), you begin with an incredibly performant site.

When deciding between Gatsby and Next, how do you determine which framework is best? Let’s explore the key differences between the two. We’ll end with some questions to ask yourself to make the best choice. Let’s begin with a look at what it’s like to start up a site with Gatsby versus Next.js. In addition to comprehensive documentation, Gatsby’s website includes a mini-tutorial that shows new users that building and deploying a Gatsby site takes just a few simple steps.

Developers can start a basic site using the Gatsby CLI or choose a pre-styled template from Gatsby’s library of starter sites. Starter templates allow users to quickly spin up a beautiful and functional blog without having to fuss about design.

Plugins, Extensions, and Ecosystems

Developers can also create their own Gatsby starters. Though getting started is easy, customization can involve a bit of a learning curve. Gatsby relies heavily on GraphQL for page routing, fetching API information, and use of plugins (we’ll talk more about this later). If you’ve never worked with GraphQL before, it is worth it to take a quick tutorial to learn the fundamentals. Getting started with a Next app is as simple as typing in a command in your terminal. Next’s CLI tool create-next-app works the same way as create-react-app, allowing you to spin up a full app with added functionality such as image optimization and page routing included as a set of customizable defaults.

From there, a fundamental understanding of React is all that is really necessary to build and customize your Next site.

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Next.js vs React

Examples of how to use Next with dozens of other popular tools, libraries, and languages can also be found on their GitHub page. React applications built without a framework like Gatsby or Next have notoriously poor SEO.
That script tag contains the instructions your browser needs to build all of the React content on your site. To properly index your site for search engines to find, web crawlers need to be able to read that content before your site is run.
Gatsby and Next solve this through the way that they handle page rendering. Both provide web crawlers with the full contents of your site before the page is run in the browser, making your site appear in Google search results.