Nikon Sb 800 Troubleshooting

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This Agreement constitutes the complete and exclusive agreement, oral or written, between you and Nikon.

Instruction Manual

Contents

Preparation

· Foreword ............................................................................

4-6

· Tips on using the Speedlight ................................................

7

· Camera groups and available flash modes ......................

8-9

· Speedlight parts and their functions .............................

10-11

· Control buttons....................................................................

12

· Icons on the LCD panel.................................................

13-15

· Lenses.................................................................................

16

• Basic operation .................................................................

17

1 Installing the batteries ..................................................

18-19

2 Test firing (Confirming the exposure) ...........................

20-21

3 Attach the SB-800 to the camera and adjust

the flash head ............................................................

22-23

4 Setting the ISO sensitivity.............................................

24-25

5 Adjust the zoom-head position.....................................

26-27

6 Setting the camera’s exposure mode and

metering system.........................................................

28-29

7 Setting the SB-800’s flash mode ..................................

30-31

8 Compose the picture and shoot with flash...................

32-33

Using the SB-800 with the COOLPIX....................................

34

• Detailed operation.............................................................

35

· SB-800’s available flash modes ..........................................

36

· TTL auto flash mode ...........................................................

37

· Non-TTL auto flash mode ..............................................

38-41

· Manual mode .................................................................

42-50

· Notes on continuous flash shooting....................................

51

· Checking the correct exposure before shooting ................

52

• Other functions .................................................................

53

· Exposure compensation and flash output level

compensation..............................................................

54-56

· Flash-shooting distance range with zoom lenses

having a variable aperture ...............................................

57

· Slow-sync flash mode, Red-eye reduction control,

and Rear-curtain sync .................................................

58-59

· Auto FP High-Speed Sync mode........................................

60

· Flash Value Lock (FV Lock) ................................................

61

· Autofocus flash operation in dim light .................

62-63

· Using the Quick Recycling Battery Pack

SD-800 ..............................................................

64-65

· Checking the illumination before actually

taking the picture (Modeling illuminator)................

66

· Custom functions ......................................................

67

· Custom settings ...................................................

68-70

• Advanced operations..............................................

71

· Overview of multiple flash operation ...................

72-73

· Wireless multiple flash shooting ..........................

74-75

· Flash shooting in Advanced Wireless Lighting ...76-83

· SU-4 type wireless multiple flash shooting..........

84-88

· Confirming wireless multiple flash operation

using the ready-light or the beeping sound...........

89

· Multiple flash shooting using cords.....................

90-93

· System chart for TTL multiple flash shooting

using cords .......................................................

94-95

· Flash shooting with digital SLRs cameras

using colored gel filters.....................................

96-97

· Bounce flash operation......................................

98-101

· Close-up flash operation .................................

102-105

Flash shooting in the 1/300 TTL High-Speed

Flash sync mode (F5 only)...................................

106

• Reference information ..........................................

107

· TTL auto flash modes available

with the SB-800 .............................................

108-110

· Optional accessories .......................................

111-113

· Tips on Speedlight care..........................................

114

· Notes on batteries...................................................

115

· Troubleshooting ...............................................

116-118

· About the LCD panel ..............................................

119

· Specifications ..................................................

120-123

· Index ................................................................

124-125

Preparation

This section provides preliminary information on using the SB-800.

Basic operation

Basic procedures to take simple, properly exposed flash photographs in the TTL auto flash mode.

Detailed operation

A variety of flash modes available with the SB-800 are explained.

Other functions

Detailed information on each function of the SB-800 is provided.

Advanced operations

Information on advanced flash shooting techniques using the SB-800 is described.

Reference information

Optional accessories, Troubleshooting, Speedlight care, Specifications, etc. are presented in this section.

Foreword

Thank you for purchasing the Nikon Speedlight SB-800. To get the most out of your Speedlight, please read this instruction manual thoroughly before use. Also, read the separate booklet, “Enter the exciting world of Nikon’s Creative Lighting System with the SB-800,” which provides an overview of the SB-800’s flash-shooting capabilities with example photos. In addition, keep your camera instruction manual handy for quick reference.

■■■ Main features and functions of the SB-800

•The SB-800 is a high-performance Speedlight with a guide number of 38/125 (ISO 100, m/ft.) or 53/174 (ISO 200, m/ft.) (at the 35mm zoom-head position, 20°C/68°F.) According to the camera and lens combination used with the SB-800, you can perform various types of TTL auto flash (p. 37), Non-TTL auto flash (p. 38), and Manual flash (p. 42).

•A power zoom function automatically adjusts the zoom-head position to match the lens focal length (with the exception of some camera/lens combinations) (p. 26). When the built-in wide-flash adapter is used or the Nikon Diffusion Dome is attached (p. 27), the zoom-head position is automatically set to match a 14mm or 17mm lens.

•The flash head tilts up to 90° or down to –7° and rotates horizontally 180° to the left and 90° to the right, enabling bounce flash (p. 98) or close-up flash photography (p. 102).

•Nikon’s new Creative Lighting System provides a variety of advanced wireless multiple flash operations, when the SB-800 is used with compatible cameras (p. 5).

•When doing bounce flash or taking close-ups with flash, you can use the built-in wide-flash adapter in conjunction with Nikon Diffusion Dome to create extremely soft, diffused lighting with virtually no shadows, while maintaining balanced lighting for the main subject and the background (pp. 101, 104).

•Custom functions are provided to set values, or activate or cancel functions that are unnecessary to set each time (p. 67).

uLife-long learning

As part of Nikon’s “Life-long learning” commitment to ongoing product support and education, continually-updated information is available on-line at the following sites:

•For users in the U.S.A.: http://www.nikonusa.com/

•For users in Europe: http://www.europe-nikon.com/support

•For users in Asia, Oceania, the Middle East, and Africa: http://www.nikon-asia.com/

Visit these sites to keep up-to-date with the latest product information, tips, answers to frequently-asked questions (FAQs), and general advice on digital imaging and photography. Additional information may be available from the Nikon representative in your area. See the URL below for contact information:

Creative Lighting System

The SB-800 features a new Nikon Speedlight system, called Creative Lighting System or “CLS.” This system offers additional flash shooting possibilities with digital SLRs by taking advantage of camera’s digital communication capabilities. CLS is available only when the SB-800 is used with compatible Nikon SLRs cameras. The SB-800 offers these major features:

•i-TTL mode

This is a new TTL auto flash mode in the Creative Lighting System. Monitor Preflashes are fired at all times. The subject is correctly exposed by the light from the flash lighting and the exposure is less affected by the ambient light than in the conventional TTL mode (p. 37).

•Advanced Wireless Lighting

With the Advanced Wireless Lighting, wireless multiple flash operation in the TTL (i-TTL) mode can now be accomplished with digital SLRs. In this mode, you can divide the remote flash units into three groups and control the flash output independently for each group, expanding your range of creative multiple-flash shooting techniques (p. 76).

•Flash Value Lock

Flash Value, or “FV,” is the amount of flash exposure for the subject. Using FV Lock with compatible cameras, you can lock in the appropriate flash exposure for the main subject. This flash exposure is locked in, even if you change the aperture or composition, or zoom the lens in and out (p. 61).

•Flash Color Information Communication

When the SB-800 is used with compatible digital SLRs, color temperature information is automatically transmitted to the camera. In this way, the camera’s white balance is automatically adjusted to give you the correct color temperature when taking photographs with the SB-800.

•Auto FP High-Speed Sync

High-Speed flash synchronization at your camera’s highest shutter speed is now possible. This is useful when you want to use a wider aperture to achieve shallow depth of field to blur the background (p. 60).

•Wide-Area AF-Assist Illuminator

In autofocus operation, the SB-800 emits AF-Assist illumination over a much wider area as compared to existing Speedlights. This enables you to perform autofocus photography in dim light even when you change the camera’s focus area with cameras supporting this function (p. 62).

See your equivalent camera’s instruction manual for details on the Creative Lighting System.

Foreword

■■■ Notes

• Default: Functions and flash modes preset when shipped from the factory are referred to as “Default” settings in this manual.

• CLS: Hereafter, Nikon’s new Speedlight system “Creative Lighting System” is abbreviated “CLS.”

■■■ Marks used in this manual

• v: Denotes important points to prevent malfunction or shooting failure.

• t: Useful points that should be remembered for better usage of the SB-800.

• u: Provides convenient reference information when using the SB-800

■■■ Supplied accessories

Quick Recycling Battery Pack

Speedlight Stand

Nikon Diffusion Dome

SD-800

AS-19

SW-10H

Colored Gel Filter Set SJ-800:

Soft Case SS-800

FL-G1, TN-A1

Tips on using the Speedlight

Take trial shots

Make trial shots before photographing important occasions like weddings or graduations.

Have Nikon spot-check your Speedlight regularly

Nikon recommends that you have your Speedlight serviced by an authorized dealer or service center at least once every two years.

Using your Speedlight correctly

The Nikon Speedlight SB-800’s performance has been optimized for use with Nikon brand cameras/accessories including lenses.

Camera/accessories made by other manufacturers may not meet Nikon’s criteria for specifications, and nonconforming cameras/accessories could damage the SB-800’s components. Nikon cannot guarantee the SB-800’s performance when used with non-Nikon products.

Notes:

•The Nikon N90s, N90, N75-Series, N70, N60, N55-Series, N50, N8008, N8008s, PRONEA 6i, N6006, N6000, N5005, N4004s and N4004 are sold exclusively

in the U.S.A.

•The Nikon N80-Series, N65-Series are sold exclusively in the U.S.A. and Central and South America.

•The Nikon N2020 and N2000 are sold exclusively in the U.S.A and Canada.

Camera groups and available flash modes

In this manual, Nikon SLR cameras are divided into nine groups: cameras compatible with CLS*, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS*, and cameras

in Groups I to VII unless otherwise noted. First, consult the camera group table to see which group your camera belongs to. Then as you read the manual, you will find specific information on how to use the SB-800 with your

particular camera.

*CLS: Creative Lighting System (p. 5)

TTL auto flash mode (p. 37)

Group

Camera name

D

D

D

o*1

i-TTL

D-TTL

TTL

Cameras

compatible

D2H

with CLS*

Digital

SLRs not

D1-Series, D100

compatible

with CLS*

F5, F100, F90X/N90s, F90-Series/N90,

I

F80-Series/N80-Series, F75-Series/

N75-Series, F70-Series/N70

F4-Series, F65-Series/N65-Series,

II

F-801s/N8008s, F-801/N8008,

Pronea 600i/6i

III

F-601/N6006, F-601M/N6000

*4

IV

F60-Series/N60, F50-Series/N50,

*4

F-401x/N5005

V

F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4004s,

F-401/N4004, F-301/N2000

VI

FM3A, FA, FE2, FG, Nikonos V,

F3-Series (with the AS-17)

VII

New FM2, FM10, FE10, F3-Series,

F55-Series/N55-Series

*1

o: Balanced Fill-Flash. This always appears together with D(p. 37).

*2

Wireless multiple flash in the i-TTL mode is possible.

*3

TTL mode is not possible.

*4

While performing Balanced Fill-Flash, no o icon appears.

*5

Repeating flash is not possible with the F3-Series (using the AS-17).

● : Available

– : Not available

Non-TTL auto flash mode (p. 38)

Manual mode ( p. 42)

Wireless multiple flash

B

A

Distancep -

G

q

AdvancedWireless

SU-4 type

Auto

Non-TTL

priority

Manual

Repeating

Lighting

(master flash)

Aperture flash

auto flash

manual

flash

flash

(p. 84)

(p. 76)

flash

*2

*3

*3

*5

The SB-800’s available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use or the camera’s exposure mode and metering system. For more details, refer to “Detailed operation” (p. 35), “TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800” (p.108) and your camera’s instruction manual.

9

Speedlight parts and their functions

1 Control button quick reference

(p. 12)

2Flash head (p. 100)

Can be tilted up to 90° or down to –7°, and rotated horizontally 180° to the left and 90° to the right.

3Flash head tilting/rotating lock release button (p. 22)

4Light sensor window for wireless remote flash (p. 74)

5Battery chamber lid attachment indexes (p. 18)

6Battery chamber lid (p. 18)

7Built-in bounce card (p. 101)

Creates a highlight in the subject’s eyes in bounce flash photography.

8Built-in wide-flash adapter (p. 104)

9 Wide-area AF-assist illuminator

(p. 62)

Automatically turns on for autofocus operation when the light is dim.

10 External power source terminal

(supplied with cover) (p. 113)

11 Light sensor window for Non-TTL auto flash (p. 38)

Senses reflected light from the subject in Auto Aperture Bor Non-TTL auto Aflash mode.

12 External AF-assist illuminator contacts (for SC-29)

Accepts optional TTL Remote Cord SC-29

13 Mount pin

14 Hot-shoe contacts

15 Mounting foot

Increases the angle of coverage to match a 14mm or 17mm lens.

16 Flash head tilting angle scale

(p. 100)

17Modeling illuminator button (p. 66)

Press to fire flash repeatedly to check the illumination and the shadows cast on the subject before taking pictures.

Wireless remote flash cancel button (p. 75)

The SB-800 will not fire, while this button is pressed.

18Flash head rotating angle scale

(p. 100)

19Terminal cover

21Sync terminal (p. 93)

Connects the SB-800 to the sync terminal of the remote flash unit(s) in other than TTL multiple flash operation using cords.

22LCD panel (p. 119)

23Control buttons (p. 12)

24Ready-light

Lights up when the SB-800 is fully recycled and ready to fire. Blinks after the SB-800 fires at its maximum output in various auto flash modes, indicating that the light may be insufficient.

25Mounting foot lock lever (p. 22)

20TTL multiple flash terminal (p. 92)

Connects the SB-800 to the remote flash unit(s) in TTL multiple flash operation using cords.

11

Control buttons

e button/f button

Press to increase or decrease the values of the highlighted items.

FLASH button

Press to test fire the flash (p. 20).

a button

Press to set the flash mode (p. 30).

b button

Press for approx. 0.3 sec. to turn the power on and off.

Multi Selector g button

•Press to select the items to be set. The selected item is highlighted and can be changed using the eand fbuttons.

•Press for approx. 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode (p. 68).

c button (wide)/d button (tele)

Press to change the zoom-head position (p. 26).

Recalling the underexposure value in the TTL auto flash mode

Press the aand gbuttons simultaneously to recall the underexposure value (p. 33).

Resetting the settings

Press the aand bbuttons simultaneously for approx. 2 sec. to reset all settings, including the custom settings (except the distance unit selected in m/ft) to their default values.

Button lock

Press the band gbuttons simultaneously to lock the functions of the control buttons (except the b, Modeling illuminator, and FLASH buttons) to avoid accidental malfunction. Press the buttons again to release the lock.

recalling the auto flash

default shown in the chart on the

Icons on the LCD panel

Icons on the LCD panel show the status of the operations set. These icons vary depending on the settings, the combination of camera/lens, and the exposure mode.

■■■ Icons with a single flash unit

compatible

with CLS* is used.

Monitor Preflashes

Just before the flash fires, the SB-800 fires a series of imperceptible preflashes that are detected by the camera’s TTL Multi-Sensor and analyzed for brightness and contrast

(p. 36).

TTL mode

Based on the exposure control information, the camera automatically controls the flash output level to give the correct exposure (p. 37).

Balanced Fill-Flash

This always appears together with D. Based on the exposure control information, the flash output level is automatically controlled for a well-balanced exposure of the main subject and background (p.37).

Auto FP High-Speed Sync (CLS*)

The SB-800 automatically fires at faster shutter speeds exceeding the camera’s sync shutter speed (p. 60).

*CLS: Creative Lighting System (p. 5)

Auto Aperture flash

In addition to Non-TTL auto A flash (see below), the SB-800’s built-in sensor correctly controls the flash

output in combination with data automatically transmitted from the camera and lens to the SB-800, including the ISO sensitivity, aperture, focal length, and exposure compensation value (p. 38).

Non-TTL auto flash

The SB-800’s built-in sensor measures the flash illumination reflected back from the subject, controlling the SB-800’s light output automatically to give the correct exposure (p. 40).

Distance-priority manual flash

Based on the ISO sensitivity value and aperture, the SB-800 controls the light output according to the distance value entered (p. 44).

Manual flash

The flash always fires at a specified output in combination with the aperture and light output level (p. 46).

Repeating flash

The SB-800 fires repeatedly during a single exposure, creating stroboscopic multipleexposure effects (p. 48).

13

Compatible with CLS (CLS*)

The wide-area AF-assist

The SB-800 is connected to

illuminator is activated

cameras compatible with CLS*

The wide-area AF-assist

(p. 8).

illuminator comes on (p. 62).

Power zoom function

The wide-area AF-assist

The zoom-head position is

illuminator is canceled

automatically adjusted to match

The wide-area AF-assist

the lens focal length (p. 26).

illuminator does not come on

Manual zoom-head position

(p. 62).

setting

You can adjust the zoom-head

position manually (p. 26).

Flash firing canceled

Canceling the power zoom

The SB-800 does not fire but the

function

wide-area AF-assist illuminator

The power zoom is canceled,

still comes on (p. 62).

and the zoom-head position can

Control buttons being locked

only be adjusted manually (p. 26).

Control buttons (except the

Power zoom function using

ON/OFF, Modeling illuminator

the built-in wide-flash adapter

and FLASH buttons) are locked

With the built-in wide-flash

(p. 12).

adapter attached, the zoom-

Red-eye reduction

head position can automatically

Red-eye reduction control is

be adjusted (p. 67).

activated (p. 58).

The same is true when the built-

in wide-flash adapter is broken

LCD panel illuminator

off accidentally (p. 117).

Pressing any control button

ISO sensitivity

turns on the LCD panel

Represents the ISO sensitivity

illuminator (p. 119).

value (p. 24).

Beyond the flash-shooting

Flash output level

distance range

compensation

The subject is beyond the flash

Represents the flash output level

shooting distance range.

compensation value (p. 56).

Ω: the closest available

Underexposure

distance, º: the farthest

available distance (p. 30).

Indicates the underexposure

value, showing that the light

might be insufficient in the TTL

auto flash mode (p. 33).

Standby duration

Represents the time before the

standby function is activated

(p. 67).

■■■ Icons with multiple flash units

Icons in the Advanced Wireless Lighting mode

Wireless master

Master (CLS*)

In the wireless multiple flash

Represents the settings of the

mode, the SB-800 is used as

flash mode and flash output

the master flash unit connected

level compensation value of the

to the camera (p. 72).

master unit in the Advanced

Wireless Lighting mode (p. 78).

Wireless remote

In the wireless multiple flash

Group A (B, C) (CLS*)

mode, the SB-800 is set as a

Represents the settings of the

remote flash unit, which fires in

(B,C) flash mode and flash output

sync with the master flash unit

level compensation value of the

(p. 72).

remote flash unit(s) in Group A

(B, C) in the Advanced Wireless

Wireless remote

Lighting mode (p. 78).

In the wireless multiple flash

mode, the SB-800 is set as a

remote flash unit, which fires in

Channel (CLS*)

sync with the master flash unit

Represents the communication

(p. 72).

channel number through which

Sound monitor on

the master and remote flash

When the SB-800 is set as a

units exchange data in the

remote flash unit, you can

Advanced Wireless Lighting

monitor its operation by listening

mode (p. 78).

to the beeping sound (p. 89).

Sound monitor canceled

“Beeping” sound is off (p. 89).

■■■ Highlighted items

Highlighted items indicate that they can be set or changed. The highlighted items return to normal after 8 seconds unless an adjustment is made.

(p. 5)

15

Lenses

In this manual, Nikkor lenses are divided into two types: CPU Nikkor lenses and non-CPU Nikkor lenses.

CPU Nikkor lenses

G-type Nikkor, D-type Nikkor, Non-G/D-type AF Nikkor (except for AF Nikkor for the F3AF), AI-P Nikkor

Non-CPU Nikkor lenses

AI-S Nikkor, AI Nikkor, Series E, etc.

CPU lenses

CPU lenses have CPU contacts.

G-type Nikkor lenses

G-type Nikkor lenses send distance information to the camera body, but do not have an aperture ring. Therefore, set the aperture on the camera body. With some cameras, the usable exposure mode is limited. For more details, refer to the lens instruction manual.

D-type Nikkor lenses

D-type Nikkor lenses send distance information to the camera body. Set the aperture either on the lens aperture ring or on the camera body. For more details, refer to the lens instruction manual.

Basic operation

In this section, basic procedures are illustrated so that you can easily perform flash photography in the TTL auto flash mode. You can easily perform flash photography by following Steps 1–8 on the left-hand pages.

In this section, basic procedures are described when a CPU lens is mounted on cameras compatible with CLS*, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS*, and cameras in Groups I to II. The SB-800’s available functions and the LCD display vary depending on other camera/lens combinations.

1 Slide open the battery chamber lid in the direction of the arrow.

2 Install the batteries following the iand jmarks as shown. Align the battery chamber lid attachment indexes, then close the battery chamber lid by sliding it into place while pressing down.

AA-type penlight batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of these types:

-manganese (1.5V) (2) Lithium (1.5V) (3) Nickel (1.5V) (rechargeable, 1.2V) (5) Ni-MH (Nickel Metal Hydride) (rechargeable, 1.2V)

replacing batteries, replace all four (or five when using the Quick Recycling Pack SD-800) with fresh ones of the same brand.

manganese batteries are not recommended for use with the SB-800. carry extra batteries when traveling.

on batteries, refer to “Notes on batteries” on page 115.

not use batteries not specified in this instruction manual, as this may them to explode, leak corrosive liquids, or catch on fire.

not mix battery brands or types, or use old with new batteries.

the batteries may explode, leak corrosive liquids, or catch on fire. not recharge non-rechargeable batteries in a battery charger.

the batteries may leak corrosive liquids or generate heat.

faster recycling times using 5 batteries

provided Quick Recycling Battery Pack SD-800 to install five batteries the recycling time. See page 64 for more details.

■■■ Minimum number of flashes and recycling times

When using four (or five) fresh batteries of the same type and the Speedlight fires at M1/1 output.

Batteries

Number of

Min. recycling time

Min. number of flashes/

batteries

(approx.)

recycling time

Alkaline-

x4

6.0 sec.

130

/ 6-30 sec.

manganese

x5

5.0 sec.

130

/ 5-30 sec.

Lithium

x4

7.5 sec.

170

/ 7.5-30 sec.

x5

7.5 sec.

190

/ 7.5-30 sec.

Nickel

x4

6.0 sec.

140

/ 6-30 sec.

x5

5.0 sec.

140

/ 5-30 sec.

NiCd (1000 mAh)

x4

4.0 sec.

90 / 4-30 sec.

(rechargeable)

x5

3.5 sec.

90 / 3.5-30 sec.

Ni-MH (2000 mA)

x4

4.0 sec.

150

/ 4-30 sec.

(rechargeable)

x5

2.9 sec.

150

/ 2.9-30 sec.

•Minimum recycling time is for operation using fresh batteries.

•This data was measured without using the wide-area AF-assist illuminator, zoom-head position adjustment, or LCD panel illumination.

•The above data may vary due to variations in battery performance.

■■■ Replacing/recharging the batteries

Refer to the following table to determine when to replace or recharge your batteries, if the ready-light takes a long time to come on.

Type of battery

Recycling time

Remedy

Alkaline-manganese

More than 30 seconds

Lithium

More than 10 seconds

Replace

Nickel

More than 10 seconds

Ni-Cd (rechargeable)

More than 10 seconds

Recharge

Ni-MH (rechargeable)

If extremely exhausted batteries are used, a strange sound can be heard caused by the flash head zooming back and forth even when the SB-800 is turned off. In this case, replace the SB-800’s batteries even if an external battery source is used.

tExternal power sources

Using an optional external power source increases the number of flash firings and provides faster recycling times (p. 113).

19

2 Test firing (Confirming the exposure)

1 Press the b button for approx. 0.3 sec. to turn on the SB-800. Make sure the ready-light comes on.

2 Pressflash. the FLASH button to test fire the

firing

test firing the Speedlight, never position your eyes close to the head.

-800 fires at specified output in the Manual flash mode or at approx. output in the TTL auto flash mode.

Aperture/Non-TTL auto flash operations, the SB-800 fires at a flash controlled by the ISO sensitivity, aperture, and zoom-head position. Aperture/Non-TTL auto flash operations, you can check the amount of

flash output by pressing the FLASH button before taking the picture (p. 52).

button

Pressing the b button for approx. 0.3 sec. turns the SB-800 on and the indications appear on the LCD panel. Pressing the button again turns the

off and the indications disappear.

tStandby function to conserve battery power

If the SB-800 and the camera are not used for more than a specified time, the standby function activates and automatically turns the SB-800 off to conserve battery power (it goes into the standby mode).

•In the standby mode, the R indicator appears on the LCD panel.

•When in the standby mode, the SB-800 turns back on again when the SB-800’s b or FLASH button is pressed, or the shutter release button is lightly pressed (when using a camera body that is compatible with TTL auto flash) (p. 8).

•In the Wireless flash mode, the standby function activates in approx. 40 seconds (default setting) when the SB-800 is used as the master flash unit. However, the standby function does not work regardless of the SB-800’s setting when the Speedlight is used as a remote flash unit (p. 73).

•If the ready-light does not come on in approx. 60 seconds after turning the power on or after the flash has fired, the SB-800 enters the standby mode regardless of the SB-800’s setting.

•To avoid accidental firing or a malfunction when carrying the SB-800 in your camera bag, press the b button to turn the flash unit off and make sure the R indicator disappears.

Adjusting the time before the SB-800 goes into the standby mode

Adjust this duration using Custom settings (p. 67).

21

3 Attach the SB-800 to the camera and

Make sure the SB-800 and the camera body are turned off.

Rotate the mounting foot lock lever to the left, slide the SB-800’s mounting foot into the camera’s accessory shoe and turn the lock lever to the right.

FLAS

H

3 Hold down the flash head tilting/rotating lock release button to adjust the flash head to the horizontal/front position.

foot lock lever securely until it stops.

the Speedlight in place, turn the lock lever approx. 90° clockwise until it unlock, turn the lever counterclockwise until it stops.

adjust the flash head

tWarning indication

If the flash head is not adjusted to the horizontal/front position, when the power is turned on, this warning appears on the LCD panel. See page 100 for the flash head’s rotating angle.

• A dotted line below the underbar appears when the flash head is tilted down –7°.

• The flash shooting distance range disappears if the flash head is adjusted to other than the horizontal/front or down –7° position.

23

the sensitivity for digital SLRs and the film speed for film-based cameras are generally referred to as ISO sensitivity.

compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS and cameras in Groups I to II, the ISO sensitivity is automatically set and appears

panel when the camera and SB-800 are turned ON.

ISO sensitivity in TTL auto flash operation

-800’s maximum ISO sensitivity range usable in the TTL auto flash mode to 1000.

sensitivity range may become narrower, depending on the cameras in use. For see your camera instruction manual.

shooting distance range on the SB-800’s LCD panel varies, depending on the

. Therefore, be sure to set the ISO sensitivity correctly.

data communication with the SB-800

SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS and cameras in Groups I to II, digital data communication

. The camera automatically sends the ISO sensitivity to the

. With a CPU lens, the aperture and focal length are automatically SB-800.

on setting the Speedlight’s ISO sensitivity

auto flash mode and Manual flash mode (except Distance-priority manual p flash), there is no direct connection between setting the ISO sensitivity on the Speedlight and controlling the flash output level. Setting the

is for correctly displaying the flash shooting distance range or distance indication on the Speedlight’s LCD panel.

-TTL auto flash mode (Auto Aperture flash B/Non-TTL auto flash Distance-priority manual p flash operation, the correct exposure can

by setting the camera’s ISO sensitivity on the Speedlight, because controls the flash output. For cameras compatible with CLS,

not compatible with CLS, and cameras in Groups I and II, the ISO sensitivity is automatically transferred from the camera to the Speedlight.

■■■ Setting the ISO sensitivity for cameras in Groups III to VII

For cameras in Groups III to VII, set the ISO sensitivity in the Custom settings mode (p. 67).

1 Turn the SB-800 off once, then turn it back on. After that, turn on the camera body.

2 Press the gbutton for approx. 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode.

3 Press the e/fbutton and c/dbutton to select “ISO”, then press thegbutton.

4 Press the eor fbutton to highlight the preferred ISO sensitivity.

5 Press the gbutton for approx. 2 sec. or press the bbutton to return to the normal display.

25

1 The zoom-head position is indicated on the LCD panel.

• The zoom-head position is automatically adjusted by the power zoom function or it can be manually adjusted.

• The guide number indicating flash output level varies according to the zoom-head position (p. 43).

■■■ The power zoom function

When the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS and cameras in Groups I to II in combination with a CPU lens, the power zoom function activates and the zoom head is automatically adjusted.

•The zoom-head position is automatically adjusted within the range of 24mm, 28mm, 35mm to 105mm in increments of 5mm between 35mm and 105mm when the power zoom function is activated.

•When the lens focal length is not one of those indicated above, the zoom head adjusts to the closest wideangle setting of the lens in use. For example, if the zoom setting of a CPU lens is between 36mm and 39mm, the zoom-head position is adjusted to 35mm.

•If a small M does not appear above the “ZOOM” indication on the LCD panel, the zoomhead position will be automatically adjusted. If a small M appears, press the cor d button several times until it disappears.

Power zoom activated

Power zoom canceled

■■■ Setting the zoom-head position manually

When the SB-800 is used with cameras in Groups III to VII in combination with a non-CPU lens, or you want to change the zoom-head position to one that does not match the focal length, you should adjust the zoom-head position manually.

•Press the cbutton to move toward a wideangle setting and the dbutton to move toward a telephoto setting.

•A small M above the “ZOOM” indication appears on the LCD panel while manually setting the zoom-head position.

•When the camera/lens combination is compatible with the power zoom function, the zoom-head position changes as follows, when a 35mm lens is attached:

M24mm ±∞ M28mm ±∞ 35mm ±∞ M50mm ±∞ M70mm±∞ M85mm ±∞ M105mm

•Generally, set the zoom-head position to the focal length of the lens in use or to the closest wideangle setting. For example, select the 50mm setting when using a 60mm lens.

tCanceling the power zoom function using Custom settings

The power zoom function can be canceled in the Custom settings mode (p. 67). When the power zoom function is canceled, the zoom-head can be manually adjusted, but the zoom-head position indicator does not change even if the lens is zoomed, a lens is changed, or the bbutton is pressed.

• When the power zoom function is canceled, a small appears on the LCD panel.

•Press the cbutton to move toward a wideangle setting and the dbutton to move toward a telephoto setting. The zoom-head position changes as follows:

24mm ±∞ 28mm ±∞ 35mm ±∞ 50mm ±∞70mm ±∞ 85mm ±∞ 105mm

tUsing the built-in wide-flash adapter/Nikon Diffusion Dome

Use the built-in wide-flash adapter when a 14mm to 23mm lens is mounted (p. 104).

•The power zoom function becomes inactive when using the wide-flash adapter. Press the cor dbutton to adjust the zoom-head position to 14mm or 17mm.

•The zoom-head position is automatically set at 14mm when the Nikon Diffusion Dome is attached (p. 101).

•To adjust the zoom-head position automatically using the power zoom function while using the built-in wide-flash adapter or Nikon Diffusion Dome, go to the Custom settings “Power zoom function using the built-in wide-flash adapter/Nikon Diffusion Dome”.

(p. 67)

•Generally, when using a 14mm or 17mm lens, the distance between the camera and subject differs much from the center of the frame to the periphery, so the peripheral area might not be sufficiently lit in some cases. The same is true when using the Nikon Diffusion Dome.

27

6 Setting the camera’s exposure mode and

1 Set the camera’s exposure mode to Programmed Auto (P).

• If Programmed Auto (P) cannot be set, select another exposure mode. See the opposite page.

Set the camera’s metering system to

Matrix Metering Y.

If Matrix Metering Ycannot be set, select

Center-Weighted Metering W.

system

available exposure mode and metering system vary, depending and lenses in use or the SB-800’s flash modes. For details,

“Detailed operation” (p. 35), “TTL auto flash modes available with the (p. 108) and your camera’s instruction manual.

Programmed Auto (P) mode, the shutter speed is automatically set to the camera’s speed, except in the Auto FP High-Speed sync mode (p. 60).

metering system

uExposure modes other than Programmed Auto exposure (P)

In Shutter-Priority Auto exposure (S) mode

By selecting a slower shutter speed, the proper exposure for the background can be achieved.

•The camera selects the correct aperture. For details, see your camera’s instruction manual. However, set the shutter speed on the camera after confirming that the automatically controlled aperture will provide an appropriate shooting distance range for your subject. Refer to “Flash shooting distance range in the TTL auto flash mode” (p. 31).

•If you set a shutter speed faster than the flash sync speed, the camera automatically shifts to its fastest sync speed when the SB-800 is turned on (except in the Auto FP High-Speed sync mode) (p. 60).

In Aperture-Priority Auto exposure (A) mode

By selecting the aperture, you can control depth of field and the flash shooting distance range.

•The camera selects the correct shutter speed. For detains, see your camera’s instruction manual.

•To determine the aperture, refer to the “Guide number” (p. 43) and “Flash shooting distance range in the TTL auto flash modes” (p. 31).

In Manual exposure (M) mode

By selecting the shutter speed and aperture, you can control the exposure of the background, the depth of field, and the flash shooting distance range.

•If you set a shutter speed faster than the flash sync speed, the camera automatically shifts to its fastest sync speed when the SB-800 is turned on. This is true of all cameras, except mechanical shutter cameras and when using the Auto FP High-Speed sync mode (p. 60).

•To determine the aperture, refer to “Guide number” (p. 43) and “Flash shooting distance range in the TTL auto flash mode” (p. 31).

29

1 Press the abutton to set the flash mode.

• Display Doon the LCD panel.

2 Confirm that the main subject is within the flash shooting distance range.

■■

mode

Every time you press the abutton, the available flash mode icon changes. Refer to “Icons on the LCD panel” (p. 13).

∞Do∞ D ∞∞ BA∞p∞ G∞ q

•Note that the usable flash modes only appear and vary, and the unavailable flash modes will be skipped and do not appear, when pressing the abutton.

•The SB-800’s available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use or the camera’s exposure mode and metering system. Refer to “Detailed operation” (p. 35), “TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800” (p. 108) and your camera’s instruction manual.

■■■ About the flash shooting distance range

The SB-800’s flash shooting distance range is 0.6m to 20m (2 to 66 ft.) and varies, depending on the ISO sensitivity, zoom-head position, and lens aperture in use.

Flash shooting distance range in the TTL auto flash mode

ISO sensitivity

Zoom-head position (mm)

1

2

14 3

17 3

1600

800

400

200

100

50

25

24

28

35

50

70

85

105

4

2.8

2

1.4

4

2.8

2

1.4

5.6

4

2.8

2

1.4

0.8-9.0/

1.0-11/

1.1-12/

1.3-14/

1.9-20/

2.0-20/

2.4-20/

2.8-20/

3.0-20/

3.4-20/

3.6-20/

2.6-29

3.3-37

3.7-41

4.1-46

6.2-66

6.6-66

7.8-66

9.3-66

10-66

11-66

12-66

(m/ft.)

8

5.6

4

2.8

2

1.4

0.6-6.3/

0.7-8.0/

0.8-9.0/

0.8-10/

1.3-15/

1.4-16/

1.7-19/

2.0-20/

2.2-20/

2.4-20/

2.5-20/

2.0-21

2.3-26

2.6-29

2.6-33

4.3-49

4.6-52

5.5-62

6.6-66

7.4-66

7.8-66

8.3-66

range

11

8

5.6

4

2.8

2

1.4

0.6-4.5/

0.6-5.7/

0.6-6.3/

0.7-7.0/

1.0-10/

1.0-11/

1.2-13/

1.4-16/

1.6-18/

1.7-19/

1.8-20/

Aperture

2.0-15

2.0-19

2.0-20

2.0-23

3.1-35

3.3-37

3.9-44

4.6-52

5.2-59

5.5-62

5.8-66

distanceshooting

16 5

11

8

5.6

4

2.8

2

0.6-3.2/

0.6-4.0/

0.6-4.5/

0.6-5.0/

0.7-7.5/

0.7-8.0/

0.8-9.5/

1.0-11/

1.1-13/

1.2-13/

1.3-14/

2.0-10

2.0-13

2.0-14

2.0-16

2.2-25

2.3-26

2.8-31

3.3-37

3.7-42

3.9-44

4.1-47

22

16

11

8

5.6

4

2.8

0.6-2.2/

0.6-2.8/

0.6-3.1/

0.6-3.5/

0.6-5.3/

0.6-5.7/

0.6-6.7/

0.7-7.6/

0.8-9.0/

0.8-9.5/

0.9-10/

2.0-7.4

2.0-9.3

2.0-10

2.0-11

2.0-17

2.0-19

2.0-22

2.3-26

2.6-29

2.8-31

2.9-33

32

22

16

11

8

5.6

4

0.6-1.6/

0.6-2.0/

0.6-2.2/

0.6-2.5/

0.6-3.7/

0.6-4.0/

0.6-4.8/

0.6-5.3/

0.6-6.3/

0.6-6.7/

0.6-7.1/

Flash

2.0-5.2

2.0-6.6

2.0-7.3

2.0-8.2

2.0-12

2.0-13

2.0-16

2.0-19

2.0-21

2.0-22

2.1-23

32

22

16

11

8

5.6

0.6-1.1/

0.6-1.4/

0.6-1.6/

0.6-1.8/

0.6-2.6/

0.6-2.8/

0.6-3.4/

0.6-4.0/

0.6-4.5/

0.6-4.8/

0.6-5.0/

2.0-3.7

2.0-4.6

2.0-5.2

2.0-5.8

2.0-8.7

2.0-9.3

2.0-11

2.0-13

2.0-15

2.0-16

2.0-17

32

22

16

11

8

0.6-0.8/

0.6-1.0/

0.6-1.1/

0.6-1.2/

0.6-1.8/

0.6-2.0/

0.6-2.4/

0.6-2.8/

0.6-3.2/

0.6-3.4/

0.6-3.6/

2.0-2.6

2.0-3.3

2.0-3.7

2.0-4.1

2.0-6.2

2.0-6.6

2.0-7.8

2.0-9.3

2.0-10

2.0-11

2.0-12

32

22

16

11

_

0.6-0.7/

0.6-0.7/

0.6-0.8/

0.6-1.3/

0.6-1.4/

0.6-1.7/

0.6-2.0/

0.6-2.2/

0.6-2.4/

0.6-2.5/

2.0-2.3

2.0-2.6

2.0-2.9

2.0-4.4

2.0-4.6

2.0-5.5

2.0-6.6

2.0-7.4

2.0-7.8

2.0-8.3

32

22

16

_

_

_

_

0.6-0.9/

0.6-1.0/

0.6-1.2/

0.6-1.4/

0.6-1.6/

0.6-1.7/

0.6-1.8/

2.0-3.1

2.0-3.3

2.0-3.9

2.0-4.6

2.0-5.2

2.0-5.5

2.0-5.8

*1

With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place

*2

With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached

*3

With the wide-flash adapter in place

*4

TTL auto flash operation is not possible at this ISO sensitivity. For ISO 1000, use an

aperture 2/3 of an f/stop smaller than the aperture for ISO 1600, or 1/3 larger than

the aperture for ISO 800.

*5

Programmed TTL Auto Flash with the F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4040s,

F-401/N4004, and F-301/N2000. (ISO 25 to ISO 400 for the F-401s/N4004s and

F-401/N4004)

31

Confirm the camera’s sync mode.

•For normal flash photography, use the camera’s Front-curtain sync mode.

2 Compose the picture, confirm that the ready-light on the SB-800’s LCD panel or in the camera’s viewfinder is on, then shoot.

the camera’s flash sync mode to Front-curtain sync.

featuring a Rear-curtain sync flash mode, make sure the camera’s flash sync mode is set to Front-curtain sync.

flash sync modes, refer to “Slow-sync flash” (p. 58), “Red-eye reduction -sync flash mode” (p. 58), or “Rear-curtain sync” (p. 59).

to the camera’s instruction manual for details on the flash sync mode.

vIf the ready-light blinks after shooting, the light might be insufficient for correct exposure.

In the TTL auto and Non-TTL auto flash modes, when the flash has fired at its maximum output and underexposure may have occurred, the ready-lights on the SB-800 and in the camera’s viewfinder blink for approx. 3 sec. Depending on the camera in use, the ready-light on the SB-800 or in the camera’s viewfinder lights up. To compensate, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject and reshoot.

Display of the amount of underexposure

For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS and cameras in Group I in the TTL auto flash mode, the amount of underexposure (0 to –3.0 EV) appears for approx. 3 sec on the SB-800’s LCD panel; at the same time the above ready-lights blink.

• Pressing the aand g buttons simultaneously recalls this display.

33

Using the SB-800 with the COOLPIX

Using the SB-800 with COOLPIX digital cameras

For COOLPIX cameras, such as the COOLPIX 5400 and 4500, having an accessory shoe (hot-shoe) or TTL multiple flash terminal: When more powerful illumination is required or when performing multiple flash, it is recommended to connect the SB-800 or another Nikon Speedlight compatible with TTL auto flash to the COOLPIX. Auto flash operation is possible by setting the SB-800’s flash mode to TTL auto flash. The flash output level is controlled by detecting signals from the camera to determine when to start and stop firing in sync with the built-in flash, which is controlled by the camera’s Non-TTL auto flash operation.

•For connection to COOLPIX cameras featuring hot shoe contacts such as the COOLPIX 5400, attach the Speedlight directly to the accessory shoe.

•Optional accessories such as the Multi-Flash Bracket Unit SK-E900 should be used for connection with COOLPIX cameras having a TTL multiple flash terminal but no hot-shoe contacts.

•For details, see your camera’s instruction manual.

Please note that wireless multiple flash using the COOLPIX’s built-in flash as a master flash unit and the SB-800 as a remote flash unit cannot be performed.

Detailed operation

This section provides a variety of flash modes available with the SB-800.

Be sure to refer to your camera’s instruction manual for specific information on camera settings and functions.

SB-800’s available flash modes

The SB-800’s available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use or the camera’s exposure mode. Using the TTL auto flash mode is recommended for normal flash photography.

■■■ Available flash modes (Indicators, usable cameras)

TTL auto flash mode

•i-TTL mode: Do/D: Cameras compatible with CLS

•D-TTL mode: Do/D: Digital SLRs not compatible with CLS

•TTL (film based) mode: Do/D: Cameras in Groups I to VI (No o

Non-TTL auto flash mode

• Auto Aperture flash:

B(p. 38):

• Non-TTL auto flash:

A(p. 40):

Manual mode

• Distance-priority

manual flash:

p(p. 44):

• Manual flash:

G(p. 46):

• Repeating flash:

q(p. 48):

appears with cameras in Groups III and IV while performing Balanced Fill-Flash)

Cameras compatible with CLS, Digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, Cameras in Groups I to II No limitation

No limitation

No limitation

No limitation

uMonitor Preflashes

The SB-800 fires a series of imperceptible Monitor Preflashes just before the flash fires to obtain information on the subject in these cases:

(1)when the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, and cameras in Group I with a CPU lens, and the flash mode is set to TTL auto flash, and

(2)when the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS with a CPU lens, and the flash mode is set to Auto Aperture flash.

Monitor Preflashes are fired instantaneously and cannot be differentiated from the main flash, but Happears on the LCD panel (using a single flash unit). However, for cameras in Group I, Monitor Preflashes are not fired when the SB-800’s flash head is adjusted to other than the horizontal/front or down to –7° position, or the camera’s flash sync mode is set to Rear-curtain sync, even when Happears on the LCD panel.

TTL auto flash mode

■■■ TTL auto flash: D

In this mode, the flash illumination that is reflected back from the subject is detected by the camera’s TTL auto flash sensor and the camera automatically controls the flash output level to give the correct exposure.

Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash: Do

Press the abutton to display Doon the LCD panel, and Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash is performed. The flash output level is automatically adjusted for a well-balanced exposure of the main subject and background. (While performing Balanced Fill-Flash, no oappears with cameras in Groups III and IV.)

• Doindicates “i-TTL Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash” in the i-TTL mode.

Standard TTL flash: D

Press the abutton to display Don the LCD panel, and Standard TTL flash is performed. The main subject is correctly exposed regardless of the background brightness. This is useful when you want to highlight the main subject.

•Dindicates “Standard i-TTL flash” in the i-TTL mode, “Standard TTL flash for Digital SLRs” in the D-TTL mode, and “Standard TTL flash” in the TTL (film-based) mode.

tNotes on TTL mode indicators

Comparison tables are provided on pages 108-110 to show the SB-800’s TTL mode indicators and the corresponding ones used in the current Speedlight instruction manuals.

•For details on shooting procedures in the TTL auto flash mode, refer to “Basic operation” (p. 17).

tFlash shooting in the 1/300 TTL High-Speed Flash sync mode (F5 only)

The farthest flash shooting distance cannot be read on the SB-800’s LCD panel. In this case, use the guide number table and equation (p. 106) for calculating this distance, according to each zoom-head position.

37

Non-TTL auto flash mode

Auto Aperture Bflash

The SB-800’s built-in sensor measures the flash illumination reflected from the subject and controls the flash output in combination with data automatically transmitted from the camera and lens to the SB-800, including the ISO sensitivity value and exposure compensation value as well as the aperture and focal length of the lens.

•Auto Aperture flash is available with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, and cameras in Groups I and II when used with a CPU lens.

•Auto Aperture flash is automatically set (default setting) for the above camera/lens combinations. To cancel Auto Aperture flash and set to Non-TTL auto flash (p. 40), use Custom settings (p. 67).

1 Set the camera’s exposure mode to Programmed Auto (P) or Aperture-Priority Auto (A).

2 Lock the CPU lens aperture at its minimum.

• Not necessary with a G-type lens.

3 Press the abutton to display Bon the LCD panel.

4 While looking at the flash shooting distance range on the SB-800’s LCD panel, set the aperture on the camera when the camera’s exposure mode is set to “A”.

• Making exposure compensation on the SB-800 is also possible (p. 56).