React Vs Vuejs

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Vue

React.js and Vue.js are the two frontend JavaScript frameworks that are popular in the developer world. React works together with HTML documents through virtual DOM and is abided by a declarative form of programming. On the contrary, Vue is seen as a progressive framework that states that you can migrate your current projects’ features at a given time.

Both React and Vue offer software developers a constructive approach to building varied web applications, but each has its best usage cases and responds to different business needs.

React vs Vue: The Battle Begins!

In this article on Vue vs React, we will explore its concepts and what makes these two technologies unique. As a web development agency in Canada, we let our experienced web developer explain the difference between React and Vue.

Let’s start with understanding what exactly is Vue?

Table of Content. Advantages and Disadvantages of Vue. Advantages and Disadvantages of React.

Vue.js is a front-end and open-source JavaScript framework.

Its model-view-view-model architecture is used for developing single-page applications, progressive web app, and user interfaces.

It is developed by Evan You and employs ‘high decoupling’, permitting the Vue developers to gradually make user interfaces.

); }}

ReactDOM.render(, document.getElementById('root'));```

HTMLjs

React’s approach to handling HTML and CSS comes from utilizing JSX. JSX allows developers to define their HTML templates (and often CSS rendering) within Javascript files. While CSS processing can be done by a variety of libraries (like StyledComponents), the definition of HTML structure from within render() is a signature feature of React.

In our example, we used the ReactDOM class to search for an entry point (in our case a div with the id of “root”), and render the App component.

If we wanted to add more Component to our React application, we could inject them within the component template:

HTML & CSS in Vue

Vue also utilizes a Component-based approach towards rendering HTML and CSS code in the browser. The means that the framework goes about this is a bit different from React. Vue’s out-of-the box approach towards this is by using HTML templating to define how components are rendered.

Here’s an example:

JavascriptjsVue.component('button-counter', { data: function () { return { count: 0 } }, template: ''});new Vue({ el: '#components-demo' });

HTMLjs

Vue’s approach towards rendering HTML and CSS relies more on actual HTML templating to define how our Components are structured and ordered. In our example, any Vue component tag under the Components-demo div is going to be rendered. If you recall our React example from above, this structuring lived in the React Component.

This doesn’t exclude completely exclude templating from the Vue Component file, though. We still define certain sections of HTML in our template section of our Component. However, specifically in this example, all of the code being defined there is being acted upon by Javascript.

Vue also allows you to utilize the concept of Single File Components. This approach allows you to include your CSS, Templating, and Component Logic - all in a single file. Single File Components offer an effective means to including CSS in Components without having to install a CSS specific library on top of Vue. However, if you have a CSS library you like to use, Vue likely has support for it. Libraries like Vue Loader are helping developers utilize CSS Modules within their Vue Components.

While Vue has HTML templating out of the box, it also supports JSX templating via a Babel extension. The way we approach Vue templating with JSX is different from React, but it provides a way for developers to embrace Vue without ditching JSX.

In Review

React* HTML is rendered in JS (JSX)* CSS is increasingly being rendered in JS

Vue* HTML templates by default.* Supports JSX through extensions* Utilizes style tags in Components by default* Supports a variety of CSS in JS libraries

State Management

React’s Flux and Redux

The React community is well known for bringing forth two popular ideas in the Javascript community: Flux and Redux. While the ideas, themes, and implementations of these ideas aren’t strictly found only in the React community, React apps have benefited the most from them.

Facebook created Flux as a pattern to structure their React architecture across their various apps and services. Flux is based around the idea that all data being managed by a React application - no matter how big or small - is going to be flowing in one direction.

A couple of React developers decided to take the Flux pattern and create a functional-Javascript library out of it called Redux. Redux is essentially taking the primary ideas of Flux and adding a few spins to it. The ideas around actions and dispatchers still exist in Flux as well.

The React community has used Flux and Redux to both achieve scaling heights that not many of us thought possible. Facebook’s adoption and continued support of these ideas has also greatly influenced how people scale React.

Vue’s Spin on Redux

Vue is a much younger framework compared to React. Partially because of its age, it doesn’t have a giant company like Facebook backing and helping develop new patterns and ideas for it yet. However, despite Vue’s smaller following, it can still utilize Flux and Redux in similar ways that React does. So, you won’t have to abandon the idea of using Flux or Redux if you use Vue.

Vue does have a version of Redux: Vuex. It’s a library based around the idea of managing a state with one-way data flows - just like Redux. Vuex is also heavily inspired by the Elm programming language. So, if you’re into Elm-based functional views, it could be a good reason to check out Vue and Vuex.In Review

React is the tried-and-testing framework for creating Javascript applications at scale. There’s no doubt about that. However, Vue has the potential to not only use the same patterns, but create new flavors of it own. If you’re really into Elm and vibe with what Vue has going on, it might be a viable alternative for you and your team. However, you will be going down a road less traveled.

Amount of Control Available to Developers

Every framework has a variation of control that they allow to developers. This comes from two perspectives: an available public API and documentation or resources available to developers.

React Documentation

Facebook has done a great job at documenting a the features, methodologies, and thought process behind React. However, one of the biggest places that needs improvement is guidance on how build and structure your applications. React’s stance on this to not be too opinionated on how to accomplish this. The blessing is that a lot of creativity and innovation has come out of this space (see Flux and Redux). The curse of it lies within the thought that it's pretty difficult to figure out the the best way to build a React app is - since everyone has somewhat of a unique spin on how to create it. Combine that with a few years of API deprecations and you’re stuck wandering around the internet looking for a how-to article that’s most relevant to the React version you’re building against.

Vue Documentation

Vue has very similar documentation coverage and ideas that React has. However, they do include a bit more “official” documentation coverage than React has. Because of this, its offering more of an opinion than React does on how to build and structure applications. However, if you’ve experienced the pain points of React documentation and learning, this could be a welcome change.

Vue is a younger framework and because of that less resources are going to be out there on how to do certain things. If you’re coming from React, this could be a little annoying at first. However, resources around Vue are starting to grow at a pretty steady pace, so the gap between the two is shortening.React and Vue API Accessibility

React offers a few more lifecycle hooks than Vue (componentDidCatch, shouldComponentUpdate). While these hooks aren’t a dominant upper-hand that React has over Vue, they’re certainly useful to have.

Vue is going to offer developers a more API methods from within the HTML Vue templates. This is because Vue relies more on templates than React. So, if you’re into embedding more functionality in your HTML template tags, Vue might be the better choice.

In Review

Vue’s tendency towards more official documentation on certain functionality and design patterns certainly makes it a more refined experience to onboard into as a framework. However, React offers virtually the same experience with a bit more fragmented documentation. Even in places where React’s documentation doesn’t shine, developers have been able to create some amazing resources to help fill the knowledge gap. It's just not all in one central place.

Overall, there’s not a huge difference between the amount of API accessibility each framework offers. This is especially cemented by the fact that they’re both frameworks that focus solely on the user-interface side of things. They support various types of routing and middleware libraries, but they don’t make any sort of effort towards funneling developers to choose one over the other.