When starting a new web app development, a lot of business owners ask themselves: "What tools are the most suitable to use?"
Typically, the controversy is centered around three frameworks - React, Angular and Vue.
In this article, we consider the advantages and disadvantages of each web framework as well as its popularity among developers. As a result, each business owner will choose his side on the neverending battle of React vs Angular vs Vue.
Frequently Asked Questions
Key differences between Angular, React, and Vue 🔑
According to Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2021, React.js was named as the most commonly used web framework (among both categories: all respondents and among professionals).
Angular took 4th place among all respondents (22.96%) while professional developers (26.23%) choose Angular as their most commonly used web framework. Despite the rapid development of Vue.js, this framework takes only 6th place in the ranking among professional developers (20.09%) and 5th among all respondents (18.97%).
Newcomer Svelte takes the top spot as the most loved web framework. At the same time, developers most of all enjoy working with React (69.28%) and Vue (64.41%), and Angular (55.82%).
Among those who have not previously developed applications using these frameworks, React.js turned out to be the most desirable to learn (25.12%). It is followed by Vue.js (16.69%), followed by Angular (8.47%).
Which framework Should You Choose from Blazor vs React vs Angular vs Vue?
Predominantly, developers are happy with the workflow with React.js (88%) and Vue.js (85%), while Angular is 42% satisfied. With regard to web app frameworks usage, most of the respondents chose React (80%) and Angular (56%) as the leading frameworks to solve problems.
Starting from 2017, the popularity and usage of Vue (49%) started to grow, increasing the percentage of framework usage year after year. It is noteworthy that relatively small businesses prefer React.js and Vue.js, while large companies (100+ 1000 employees) use Angular more often.
Nevertheless, these indicators are approximately equal. One of the important indicators of the development of a technology stack is the number of package downloads. NPM trends show the most accurate statistics for each tool, including not only the number of downloads but also the Github data.
Angular releases major updates, usually every six months. Since it is characterized by dependence on previous versions and components, the framework has a service with a detailed description for version migration.
In addition, Angular has an Ivy compiler that indicates errors if they occur before the interpreter executes the code. The framework is based on the RxJs library and, in principle, functional code is based on reactive programming, which, in turn, leads to a declarative paradigm: the code is easily covered by unit tests, and testing tools come out of the box.
Are they stable and future-proof?🛡
React is quite active in changing public APIs and behavior, and the updates themselves through versions are usually simple.
Since Facebook stands for stability, there is full compatibility between versions and the ability to connect libraries of different versions to the application.
The dynamics of Vue development is the highest of the presented frameworks. The modular system includes all the attributes of the JS framework, working with full backward compatibility.
And when moving from one version to another, Vue has a helper tool that runs in the console to help assess the state of the application. If we evaluate the popularity of jobs with a request for specialists in these web frameworks, the Google Trends data looks like this.
It’s important to mention that most job listings say that they require experience with one of a few named frameworks, but a large share of those listings is actually hiring for React work.
So, the job market reflects a clear hierarchy of React followed by Angular then Vue by almost every site sample. It’s worth noting the different cultures of the sites sampled. They all clearly have Vue as the third-tier framework, and Angular not too far off from React.
Angular as a framework is used to develop large applications, due to a number of architectural solutions come out of the box, including TypeScript.
React vs Vue
How hard are they to learn? 📈
On the one hand, this can be a limitation, and on the other hand, it can be a quick solution to a standard case. There are also DI mechanisms for ease of testing and dependency replacement. Angular as a framework is highly specialized.
Pros and Cons of React Framework
And the threshold for entering development on it is quite high. In addition to the knowledge of an ordinary JS developer, you need to have a good understanding of how this framework works. React has a large arsenal of related libraries.
Part 3: Migrations
It is suitable for any task. It can be applied for MVP, small and medium projects. It can also be chosen for the development of sites with minimal business logic at the front, since there is a boilerplate.
However, in React there are no "imposed" solutions out of the box, so competent specialists with good development experience and knowledge of both architectural patterns and the work of native JS (engine, in particular) are required.
Part 1: A brief history of Vue vs React vs Angular
Otherwise, the likelihood of the appearance of irrelevant code (or, in professional slang, "crutches") in the project will increase. Vue is suitable for medium applications and MVPs.
High speed at the start allows you to make an MVP in a short time. The scalability of the Vue application will also help to dynamically develop the project.
So, which should you learn?
The cost of starting on this framework is lower than that of React due to the convenient CLI and a good supported set of libraries out of the box.
At the same time, the ease of scaling is higher than that of Angular. Plus, Vue is easier to learn, so companies have begun to place more emphasis on hiring developers with knowledge of Vue.
Now let's take a look at each web application framework separately and talk about the pros and cons. React.js has been ranked #1 for the third year in a row.
Some developers have no complaints about this framework at all, since it is rapidly evolving and becoming more stable. One of the key reasons behind the popularity of React.js is the support from the reputable company Facebook.
Services such as Instagram, Whatsapp and Twitter work today on the basis of this development environment. They are all very fast and eye-catching. This has ensured a high level of trust in React.
Advantages of React. Maintained and supported by Facebook, framework has the large community;. Clear and detailed documentation;. Relatively easy learning curve;. Flexible in structure;. One-way data binding approach;. Uses virtual DOM to enhance the performance;.
Ability to create reusable and easy-to-test code. Disadvantages of React. Extensive flexibility meaning that devs have too much choice;. Extensive templates of JSX may seem confusing.
React will be the perfect solution for flexible and dynamic web applications with a high traffic. The framework will be suitable for projects with simple and clean frontend and high level of scalability. Companies that use React: Facebook, Instagram, New York Times, Airbnb, Netflix, Atlassian, Dropbox, Whatsapp, Codecademy.
Angular has long been the top choice for UI development. So, it became part of the popular MEAN stack. Angular is perfect for complex and highly interactive web applications.
Part 2: Community and development
Maintained by Google, Angular has a hight level of trust and a huge community of developers who constantly contributed to the solution.
Advantages of Angular. Maintained by Google, Angular has a huge community and defined implementation methodology;. Detailed tech documentation;. MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel) pattern;. Providing dependencies in modules;. One-way data binding approach. Disadvantages of Angular.
Quite steep learning curve, since a developer has to know additional tools like TypeScript, RxJS library, etc.. Migration issues from the older versions to the newer one.
Angular framework is perfect for complex and large-scale projects. If the business owner plans to scale the business in the future, Angular is the best choice since it guarantee smooth scalability of application.
Angular vs Vue – Which is Better?
Companies using Angular are Google, Upwork, PayPal, Forbes, Samsung, Delta, Grasshopper.
Recently, the popularity of Vue has grown without the input of large community of devs or organizations. Due to framework flexibility and easy learning path, Vue became one of the most beloved tools among frontend developers.
Advantages of Vue. Short learning curve since the syntax is quite simple;. Detailed documentation;. Easy structure;. Flexible integrations which can be easily setup with Typescript, JSX, etc.;.
Part 4: Working with Vue vs Angular vs React
Two-way data binding approach;. Allow scale the product with no time.
Disadvantages of Vue. Maintained by a small team and supported by a small community, so there could be lack of resources. Vue might be the perfect choice for the applications that tend to be released quickly to the market.
In addition, this framework will benefit the development of high-performance, small and lightweight applications. Companies using Vue: Grammarly, Xiaomi, WizzAir, Adobe, Behance.
When choosing the best web framework for your projects, you should pay attention to popularity, speed of stack development, availability of specialists in the market, areas of application, and the project requirements.
Final Thoughts … So, what to choose?
Answering one of our clients' favorite questions - "What framework should I use for web app development?" we, first of all, advise you to pay attention to how well thought out the architecture of the project.
If it is well thought out and there is an understanding of the final look of the product, Angular may be the most obvious choice. In case the project is MVP, React or Vue will do their job best.
Having accumulated all our development experience, we recommend choosing Angular for large-scale and complex projects. React is perfect when you need high performance, and the project itself is implemented under tight timing conditions. And if you have a minimum of time to train specialists in the framework and need a small project or MVP, you can safely choose Vue.
What is Vue js Used For?
We have already done an in-depth comparison of Vue Vs React, and Angular Vs React. In this blog, we do a detailed analysis on Vue js Vs Angular to find which one is the better framework for you.
How stable is React?
Is Angular dying?
So, let’s make this choice easier for you and have a good old Vue Vs Angular showdown. First, let’s understand the basics of both web frameworks.
Due to a lot of confusion, Angular 2 was later renamed Angular and became a separate entity from AngularJS. Angular.js is a very famous framework and has a set of very dedicated followers.
It has excellent features like MVC framework, HTML templates, and components, such as MongoDB, Node.JS, and Express.JS, that have kept Angular at the top for years. There is no doubt that Angular is a complete frontend development framework, perfect for developing a web application.
Vue.js is a faster, simpler, and sleeker child of the React and Angular JS frameworks. Developed by Evan You in 2014, it has amassed a massive following in a very short time for its lightweight, progressive web development framework.
Angular vs React
It is worth noting that Vue doesn’t have the backing of huge companies like Google (Angular) and Facebook (React). It functions entirely through the open-source developing community.
The main reason for Vue’s immense popularity is that it brings together the best of Angular and React.
Pros and Cons of Angular Framework
Blazor vs Vue: Performance
Learning from the ups and downs of Angular and React, Vue ensures to repeat no mistakes. It solely focuses on the View layer, that is, building user interfaces.
What is Blazor?
Let’s look at some of the most defining differences between Angular and Vue that might help you in deciding which framework to use.
Vue is easier to learn, especially if you are shifting from React or Angular.
Comparison Between Blazor vs Angular
To use Angular, you need to first understand other concepts like TypeScript and MVC (Model View Controller).
Thus it is very difficult for beginners to learn. Even after years of working with it, Angular can be hard to grasp completely. It has a very niche set of experienced users and developers.
Angular has a massive community support that has been growing since the initial release of Angular. It has around 500K downloads weekly and more than 70K stars on GitHub.
Advantages of Angular
Looking from a job perspective, Angular has a larger market. Most major companies prefer Angular because of the ease you can develop and handle large, complicated web apps.
Infact, as an Angular web development company, we use Angular framework for developing enterprise-level web solutions.
The immense popularity of Angular also means that you get various solutions from different users. You can also get assistance from experienced developers without going through the cumbersome process of tech support. Vue is a growing community. Although it is has become a popular framework fast, it still has a smaller market compared with React or Angular.
It will still take a few years before Vue can create enough job opportunities. Vue works mainly on the open-source community, but the sharing of knowledge is still at a lower level compared to Angular.
Vue is a smaller, lightweight version of Angular. It uses third-party elements and applications to integrate lots of needed features and functionalities.
Availability of Developers in the Market
You also need to add other third-party libraries, as there are very few built-in core libraries in Vue. This reduces the size as well as the complexity of the code, making it easier to use and navigate.
The newer version of Vue is smaller and faster in comparison to other existing frameworks. With Angular, the difference is, there are way more built-in features and libraries.
Thus Angular becomes a monolithic framework that requires a lot of storage. Although many of these elements are quite useful and necessary, others would most likely never be used.
This adds a lot of unnecessary complexity. Vue is extremely simple to use and learn. The syntax is easy to understand, and your Vue application code will be neat, short and clean.
As stated earlier, Angular is much more complex to use than Vue. Due to rigid structure rules, performing simple actions also requires long lines of code.
Angular vs Vue
The syntax of an Angular app will also be a lot more complex when comparing Angular vs Vue. Vue is not very structured and thus provides a lot of flexibility to the developer.
Angular vs React vs Vue vs Blazor: Which Framework to Choose in 2021
Angular, on the other hand, has a much more defined app architecture. This helps, especially when creating large applications.
A lot of large-scale companies prefer Angular to other frameworks, as it provides a standard architecture to all the developers. Depending on the type of developer/team you are, see which is more suited for you- flexibility or structure.
Vue.js uses Virtual DOMs, a simplified copy of the DOM. With the help of the virtual DOM, the framework sorts a default performance-optimized configuration. Thus, whenever the data of the application changes, it renders the virtual DOM instead of the user interfaces.
Because of this, the runtime and load time of the application improves drastically. Along with this, it is much more efficient to update views with the help of virtual DOM.
Angular.js doesn’t use Virtual DOMs, unlike other frameworks. Instead, it uses watchers to simplify the data rendering process. The watchers keep track of the old data values and updates only those parts of the original DOM whose values have changed.
Even the framework itself is written in it, which provides ample opportunity to control the code within a well-defined structure.
This is an added advantage, especially when you are creating large-scale applications. The new version of Vue.js has introduced official typings and decorators. But we believe Vue is much better suited with the existing integration it has with TypeScript.
Vue Vs Angular – 8 Key Differences To Focus on
This is because, for smaller use-cases, it can require a huge amount of coding and can get very cumbersome. Angular uses the MVC (Model-View-Controller) framework.
This means the application is broadly divided into three logical parts- the model, the view, and the controller. This divides the application into different components that keep the user interface layer separate from the application logic layer.
With the help of Angular, developers can write well-structured code and simplify longer code into sections.
Blazor and React Performance
In the View Model layer, the view and model layer interact with each other exchanging data. This creates a two-way data binding, meaning a bi-directional flow of data within Vue applications.
It is easier to handle the HTML blocks in the MVVM model. It is also easier for Vue developers to test units in the MVVM model. But, in comparison, the building blocks work together more efficiently in the MVC framework.
Have a Unique Web App Idea? Let’s validate your idea for free and convert it into a highly performative web app. The difference between Angular and Vue is very definite.
It has good backing from Google and provides a complete web app development package. Angular.js is considered to be a complete package for web development because it includes the MEAN stack.
Angular covers all aspects of software development. Although most users may not use anything except the Angular framework, it has the working functionality of full-fledged web development tools working functionality.