However, you would need third-party solutions because React is responsible for just the View layer of the MVC model. For some developers, it’s a benefit because it allows for total freedom while choosing Model and Controller libraries.
Contrary to monolithic frameworks like Angular, Vue is incrementally adaptable by design. Similarly to React, the core library is focused on the View layer only. Do you want to integrate Vue with other libraries or existing projects? No problem at all. Vue.js can be characterised simply by three adjectives:.
What is React.js
Approachable – if you know HTML, CSS, and JS, all you have to read the guide and you are ready to go! Performant – thanks to three things: minimum optimisation, gzipped size of 20KB and virtual DOM. Versatile – its ecosystem is incrementally adaptable and scales easily between a library and a full-featured framework.
- Every comparison requires to take a look not only at differences but also similarities.
- And React and Vue.js share some of them:. Composable and reactive view components. Concentration on a core library and handling routing and global state management with companion libraries.
- Usage of virtual DOM. And now, let’s get to more detailed comparison in a few categories. Vue.js is using two-way data binding.
- Whenever you change any element of the interface, your model state changes automatically too.
- This sounds simple, but if you work on a large project and want to have a good data overview and debug easier, it is better to use React with one-way data binding.
- It renders the change in the interface element, only after the model state is updated first. And whenever you change the UI element, the model state stays the same with no changes.
A Brief History of Web UI
If you use React and want to build native mobile applications working on Android and iOS, there is a platform called React Native.
Pros and cons of Vue
- It’s a massive benefit for React developers because instead of learning a completely new technology, they can take advantage of existing skills.
- Although Vue.js doesn’t have a dedicated platform like React Native, it doesn’t mean you can’t develop native applications.
- You can use either Weex (cross-platform UI framework) to create React Native-like platform or plugin called NativeScript-vue to build native applications.
- However, React, and Vue have something in common – if you want to build desktop applications, you can use Electron with both of them.
- One of the reasons for the newcomers to choose Vue could be templates.
- They are based on HTML and easier to read and write to anyone that has been working with HTML before, especially when you come from Angular environment.
- It can be used to describe how the user interface should look like.
- It’s a relatively new approach which developers need to learn and adapt if they want to use React daily.
The Decision Problem
Documentations of React and Vue are well-written, but the latter is considered as slightly better. React clearly won this battle. It’s not surprising that it has a bigger community and popularity, because Facebook created and uses this technology.
Features of Vue JS
- To back up this claim, I prepared numbers collected from Stack Overflow, Google Trends and GitHub.
- Check them below. If you want to make a decision based on performance, I have to disappoint you – both React, and Vue.js can be proud of their similar, remarkable speed.
- However, if you would like to see specific metrics and numbers, you can go there. For further actions, you may consider blocking this person and/or reporting abuse.
- Deciding on a development framework for a new project is often done ad hoc, based on the available expertise and personal preferences of the developers involved in the project.
- However, the more rational approach for an enterprise would involve looking at specific criteria that the development framework should satisfy. The “general science” of making such a choice is simple and well-established.
ReactJS vs VueJS – FAQs
There are certain criteria to measure the performance of alternative options and the alternative with the highest cumulative performance is selected. One criterion may carry higher weight than another.
Selecting the criteria and weighing them against each other is an art, and within the software development community, there are no generally accepted best practices on choosing the right software framework.
With this context in mind, it’s important to note specific criteria when choosing a web framework. The most common criteria of choice include speed, maturity, stability, learning curve, and community support. The most prominent options considered in this post are React and Vue.js.
Famous Companies that use ReactJS
- Both options have high performance scores in respect to speed, maturity, learning curve, and community support.
- The choice between the two is not straightforward, and to rationalize the choice, we examine the frameworks in historical context of the evolution of Web UI.
- Web UI frameworks have consistently followed the MVC (Model View Controller) design pattern.
- Initially, React was marketed as the V in MVC, while in fact its designers were struggling to conceptualize React as a pure function that translates a UI state into a visual representation of UI.
- Vue.js had been the finest and cleanest specimen of the MVC design pattern.
- The difference between Vue.js and React is the difference between a clean MVC programming model and the emerging paradigm that conceptualizes Web UI as one pure function.
- With wider adoption, functional UI has emerged as a new paradigm that is a new way of thinking about UI.
- Vue.js and React, the two key players, are now following this paradigm.
- Therefore, it is safe to say that functional UI has become the leading paradigm.
- Following the functional UI trend is a clear improvement for React as it lets React express its conceptual purity, which it had struggled to achieve, but the trend is not so good for Vue.js because it marks a departure from the clean MVC design that made Vue.js simple and understandable.
What is Vue.js?
- React API is stable, but Vue.js API is in the process of evolution.
Thus, React is currently on the forefront of the evolution of the UI paradigm while Vue.js is in the process of catching up. At the beginning of 2020, React appears to be the more suitable fit for a new enterprise-level project. What UI framework would you choose for a new enterprise-level project starting in 2020? The choice has to be rational and encompass a range of criteria:.
General Criteria. Expressive power and simplicity of API. Performance of the framework. Size of JS code—the footprint.
Ease of learning. Good API design that facilitates maintainability. Availability of tools, libraries, and widgets.
- Community support on forums for help.
Community or corporate support that ensures future framework developments. Stability of API. Company/Project-Specific Criteria. Fitness to specific project requirements. Availability of developers with framework experience already working in the organization.
The problem is that there are many excellent frameworks to choose from. There is React, Vue.js, Angular, and new emerging players such as LitElement/lit-html. Which one is the best now? Actually, the more interesting question is: which one will be the best after one or two or three years?
- If this question sounds like a marginal one, then do you remember what happened to AngularJS a few years ago?
Many enterprise projects written in AngularJS became technical debt even before they were completed because Google decided to create Angular 2. Or, remember Silverlight?
Those who forget the past are doomed to repeat it. Understanding the history of web UI may help to predict where things are going and to make a safer choice, and making such a safer choice in 2020 is the subject of this post.
In the beginning, Web UI was generated on the server, and the presentation logic, business logic, and data access code were mixed together.
And there was chaos. From that chaos emerged the Model View Controller (MVC) pattern.
As if some voice said: “Let the presentation logic be gathered in the View, let the business logic be gathered in the Model, and let the Controller separate the Model and View and serve as an intermediary between the two,” and it became so—various frameworks like Spring, Django, Rails, and ASP.NET MVC adhering to that pattern emerged, and it became the primary design pattern of Web UI.
The MVC pattern enforced the important architectural principle of “Separation of Concerns” to ensure that data access, business logic, and presentation logic is handled in separate units.
In Web-based MVC frameworks, a controller would define a set of actions. Each action handles GET, POST, PUT, or DELETE web requests to a specific URL. To execute the action, the controller would query the Model to use business logic and data.
Benefits of ReactJS in development of different web apps:
Then, the Action would produce a set of parameters and use the parameters to render an HTML template. The View is an HTML template with free parameters. Rendering the View (template + parameters) would enable the generation of dynamic HTML pages. In this model, the state of Web UI was kept on the server in a session object, cache, database, or within the URL query string.
Every update to the state of the UI would require a roundtrip to the server and a subsequent web page refresh. That was a time when the Web was still new and slow. The invention of AJAX allowed asynchronous and partial web page updates. The successful AJAX frameworks still used the MVC pattern, only the action would not return the entire HTML page, but rather return a JSON object or a chunk of HTML, and that output would be used for a partial page update.
Silverlight and Adobe Flash became obsolete.