Wood Cladding Interior Walls

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Highly decorative wood-shingle siding on a house in Clatskanie, Oregon, U.S.

Siding or wall cladding is the protective material attached to the exterior side of a wall of a house or other building.

Along with the roof, it forms the first line of defense against the elements, most importantly sun, rain/snow, heat and cold, thus creating a stable, more comfortable environment on the interior side. The siding material and style also can enhance or detract from the building's beauty. There is a wide and expanding variety of materials to side with, both natural and artificial, each with its own benefits and drawbacks.

  • Masonry walls as such do not require siding, but any wall can be sided. Walls that are internally framed, whether with wood, or steel I-beams, however, must always be sided. Most siding consists of pieces of weather-resistant material that are smaller than the wall they cover, to allow for expansion and contraction of the materials due to moisture and temperature changes.
  • There are various styles of joining the pieces, from board and batton, where the butt joints between panels is covered with a thin strip (usually 1 to 2 inches wide) of wood, to a variety of clapboard, also called lap siding, in which planks are laid horizontally across the wall starting from the bottom, and building up, the board below overlapped by the board above it.
  • These techniques of joinery are designed to prevent water from entering the walls. Siding that does not consist of pieces joined would include stucco, which is widely used in the Southwest. It is a plaster-like siding and is applied over a lattice, just like plaster. However, because of the lack of joints, it eventually cracks and is susceptible to water damage.
  • Rainscreen construction is used to improve siding's ability to keep walls dry. Thatched gable wall in the Philippines.

Thatch is an ancient and very widespread building material used on roofs and walls.

ConcealedThe concealed fixing system is available for wall and ceiling applications that require an aesthetically smooth facade.
ExposedThe exposed fixing system provides a simple yet strong connection type which is more cost-effective than other mounting systems.
LouversThe louver mounting system is ideal for ventilated facades and creates shading devices to improve a building's energy consumption.
Clapboard FacadeThe clapboard siding is a traditional mounting system that includes all the benefits of a ventilated facade.
Curved FacadeNATURCLAD - W panels can be installed on curved facades through a variety of connections.

Thatch siding is made with dry vegetation such as longstraw, water reeds, or combed wheat reed.

  • The materials are overlapped and weaved in patterns designed to deflect and direct water. Wood siding is very versatile in style and can be used on a wide variety of building structures.
  • It can be painted or stained in any color palette desired. Though installation and repair is relatively simple, wood siding requires more maintenance than other popular solutions, requiring treatment every four to nine years depending on the severity of the elements to which it is exposed. Ants and termites are a threat to many types of wood siding, such that extra treatment and maintenance that can significantly increase the cost in some pest-infested areas.
  • Wood is a moderately renewable resource and is biodegradable. However, most paints and stains used to treat wood are not environmentally friendly and can be toxic. Wood siding can provide some minor insulation and structural properties as compared to thinner cladding materials. Ordinary wood shingle siding in France.
  • Wood shingles or irregular cedar "shake" siding was used in early New England construction, and was revived in Shingle Style and Queen Anne style architecture in the late 19th century. Clapboards applied to framing without a layer of sheathing (sheeting).

"Live edge" weather board siding and rare weatherboard roofing.

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